Turn on Kazzura’s English subtitles (in “settings”, the cogwheel icon at the bottom of the video)
This absolutely confirms that they do not expect to be able to hold the airport. I had rather expected that Motorola and Givi (or at least Givi) would get themselves killed rather than give up the airport, and I am glad to see that a strategy of reculer pour mieux sauter has been chosen instead – but I fear this will mean that a considerable part of the city will be destroyed in house-to-house fighting and local, short-range mortar and rocket fire – RB
“In Donetsk blocked part of the road leading to the airport and evacuate the last residents from the 15th section of the Kiev district ( near the roundabout).”
Gloomy’s old brigade is the 22nd Separate Brigade Spetsnaz GRU. As Deputy Minister of Defense under Vladimir Kononov, Gloomy is in charge of (a) directing everyday military operations for DNR, and (b) comprehensively misinforming the world of his intentions via the well-known “Secret Forum” (a terribly addictive resource, full of gorgeous Russian people chatting about life in Donetsk, almost 24 hours a day) – RB
If you find the above a bit vulgar, then you’re right, but you have to go to RuTube to watch the high-class version:
In Germany exploded pipeline Gazprom!
Zloy_Odessit, Oct 23 2014 22:49
Or again sabotage “Right Sector”, whether the conduct interfered with the course of things, but the fact remains: again troubles “Gazprom”! So, today on the pipeline in the German city of Ludwigshafen, which is West of the country, was a powerful explosion. Blew up a gas pipeline, it turns out, belongs to the company Gascade, which is jointly owned by Gazprom and German chemical company BASF! The explosion on the pipeline in a radius of 150 meters were damaged construction equipment and vehicles, part of which is melted due to high temperatures. Also smashed the Windows of nearby houses. According to witnesses, the pillar of fire, formed after the explosion, had reached approximately 40 meters in height. Injured 26 people, one of them was killed. The cause of the incident is still unknown, but given that this is “Gazprom”… Well, you know, everyday I’m drinking and all that… Although, the submarine in Sweden, drunken snow thrower, now the pipeline Gazprom… It’s some kind of game grey cardinals or I, himself, unwittingly hit in the conspiracy? And very even all suspicious, isn’t it?
No, it isn’t. Because look at these two photos. It is obvious some stupid bastard in an earth-mover ruptured the pipe and got blown over backwards when it went boom – RB
- Soros lays out his war aims -
Summary of the militias Novorossia: Message from journalists
Strelkov_info, Oct 24 2014 14:00
“According to experts and observers, prior to the beginning of active hostilities remain a matter of hours. Night in Donetsk was restless, starting with the hours of the night in many areas could be heard bursts of heavy weapons, the destruction of the shells of the housing stock is not fixed. However, the situation is becoming worse with each passing hour. According to the militia, at 9:30 cannonade heard in all parts of the city. Army of Novorossia shown in full combat readiness. Tank units of militia raised at the initial position for the attack, troops of the junta. Militias are preparing for street fighting on the territory of Donetsk, hastily created emplacements, equipped with position anti-aircraft installations. According to the information of the front-line correspondents, intensive shelling and fighting going on several areas of the Eastern front. Staff reports fire contacts with the use of small arms in areas of Satromichailovska, Krasnogorovka, artillery and mortar barrages and duels in the region Makeevka and Gorlovka and a fierce battle in the area Debaltsevo, passing into the next fight.”
As I’m sure you know, Voice of Sevastopol got fed up with being kicked off YouTube, and created their own video hosting system, which I cannot embed here. But I recommend this short item from Russian TV last night, which you can watch at VoS:
Here’s a screengrab:
For the technically minded (I am not competent to correct all the yandex errors in this):
On the number of the 404 army in the upcoming attack on Donbass
Alexander Zapolski, WarsOnline.info, Oct 24 2014
Recently, and especially over the past five days, there has been talk about the preparation of another strong offensive by the 404 army in the Donbass. The closest estimated the timing of its beginning are called on Oct 26-27. On this occasion, has expressed even Igor Strelkov, reporting the risk military defeat of Novorossia and seeking help from Russia. In this regard, it seems to be necessary to try to estimate the real scale and composition of the 404 army at the moment. In the spring of this year, the 404 Armed Forces consisted of eighteen full brigades, comprising:
- 2 x tank (1st, 17th);
- 8 x mechanized (24th, 28th, 30th, 51st, 72nd, 92nd, 93rd, 128th);
- 4 x airborne (25th, 79th, 80th, 95th);
- 3 x artillery (11th, 26th, 55th);
- 1 x missile.
Plus there are 7 separate regiments: 80th airmobile; 15th, 27th and 107th rocket artillery; 2nd, 3rd and 8th regiments for special purposes. Besides, 404 had some parts list software. Separate engineer battalions, battalions and company communication, any of the couriers, doctors, management of logistics and post foundations. In its investigation data and, in particular, on the volume of stocks of heavy weapons still in Feb 2014, 404 land army was steadily ranked in the top five in Europe. Then began fighting in the South-East of the country which ended a number of crushing defeats. Shocking first Boiler 1.0 near the Russian border. Then persistent fights for Saur-Mogila. Lost the battle for Ilovaisk. Next Boiler 2.0. The environment in the area of Zhdanovka. Almost left Mariupol. Air force of the country almost completely been destroyed. Huge losses in manpower and, in particular, in technicals (armed vehicles, self-propelled and towed weapons – RB). So what is left from the Ukrainian army at the moment? We now try to understand.
For warfare on the basis of tank, infantry and airborne brigades were formed autonomous units: battalion tactical groups (BTG) able to solve problems on the battlefield. If is simple, then a BTG is a regular battalion, as a unitary basis, reinforced reconnaissance company, a company of heavy weapons (if the main battalion is infantry, or a pair of companies infantry, if the basis for tank battalion) artillery battery, platoon, logisticians, technicians and physicians. So a mechanized brigade, with a total of of 4,200 people, exhibited two (three? – RB) BTGs with a population of 1,400 people each. In the permanent base remain brigade headquarters, rear repair base and several combat companies (for example, 4 mechanized and 2 tank, for the organization of the rotating parts, the offset loss and training received reinforcement. BTGs are armoured and infantry. The latter can be divided into heavy and light. Heavy formed on the basis of mechanised brigades and its composition have a reconnaissance company, sniper platoon, up to 4 batteries of tube and rocket artillery, and can consist of up to 2,000 people. Light are formed on the basis of airborne units and other infantry. As a rule, they have not their own tanks and artillery divisions. For high mobility and easy as “LEGO”, mounted in the configuration required in the specific conditions of combat conditions and with specific areas.
To date, the APU have a minimum of eight to a maximum of nine heavy BTG based mechanized brigades. Including: 2 BTH formed on the basis of the 24th and 30th brigades; one in the 72nd, 92nd, 93rd and 128th brigades. It is still unclear the fate of the 51st mechanised brigade. In fact, after years of total defeat and mass defections of its parts in the summer battles, by decree of Poroshenko it disbanded. On its basis will create a new 14th mechanized brigade, which should appear in reality in Nov-Dec of the current year. According to the plan. In fact, God knows. But by the time of the decree in the area of the ATO continued to fight a relatively one, BTH 51st OMBr. Its kinda like putting them in the rear did not, and just perepodchinil command of the 128th brigade and left at the front. This gives rise to the above uncertainty. If we consider the maximum heavy BTG, headquarters ATO has 12,600 “bayonets”, about 130 tanks, approximately 350 armored vehicles of various types. However, after a huge summer “loss” of technicals, it’s already in the boxes of the second and even third grade. Restored from the storage depots of the reserve. Still have almost completely broken, but quickly recovered 28th mechanised brigade, which is derived from the zone ATO and is located in the reserve of the general staff. Based on it is also possible to create one, maximum two, BTG, but heavy in name only. However, no one knows what, but the reserve.
Despite an April incident with the 25th airborne brigade, which then temper was even going to disband completely, during the summer fighting its paratrooper units showed the greatest combat durability and effectiveness. Feeling this, the military soon began to hammer them literally every nail that turned a very high price. For example, 79th airmobile brigade ceased its existence altogether. From its residues managed to scrape together just one battalion. He proudly called it “Phoenix”. On paper this is also airmobile, but in essence it is not much different from the territorial battalions. This landing BTG numbers 600 people. However, for the other three teams, things are a little better. For example, the remains of two battalion 25th Uvd Brigade is still sitting surrounded at Djakovo and Petrovsky. So in sum, the raiders were able to put together in all 4 “light” BTGs, one from each team. Plus very easy battalion from the mountain and, in fact, the company tactical group (up to 300 people) from 80th separate airmobile regiment. A total of 4,500 soldiers and 160-170 armored vehicles. Moreover, most of them are already old APCs obtained instead of BMDs lost in battles. Respectively, and weapons support from them, mainly the guns instead of the tower automatic 30-mm cannons. Huge losses were suffered by the Ukrainian tank companies. To make up to date managed not all. And the latest “Bulatov” 1st tank brigade was not received at all. And not will, apparently, have never been. Therefore, to date, two Ukrainian tank crews were able to put in the first line only 2nd battalion. Moreover, in Aug-Sep it became clear that their command are not considered as the battalions, and serve as a reserve to razdelyvanie to pieces to enhance dramatically weakened infantry. This battalion of the 1st brigade dismantled for the company, and 17th scattered around the front already Possagno. Platoon, by the way, consists of three tanks. Thus, formally, in the two tank battalions there are about 1,000 personnel, 80-90 tanks, about 30 armored vehicles (mainly BMP). In fact, they are scattered in small groups in other parts or used as a gain by addressing individual offensive or defensive tasks. Although the idea of capivate tanks at checkpoints Ukrainian militia generals had already weaned.
To accurately calculate the composition of the artillery group of the APU is not possible. At the moment you can only say the following general facts. All three artillery brigades are involved in the area of the ATO, all three separate regiments of the MRLS and the missile brigade NEG. The position of the latter is located in the district command post of the ATO under Kramatorsk. Active summer battles of the company led to significant losses, which are estimated at 60-65% of their original strength. This suggests their current number in the area of around 1,800 people and about 80-90 towed and self-propelled guns 152-mm. They should add their own battery battalion tactical groups, usually consisting of towed 122-mm howitzer D-30 and anti-tank 100-mm guns, MT-12 “rapier”. OK BTG has a minimum of one, maximum of four own battery, but now they hardly there is more than one full battery in the battalion. That suggests the total number of guns up to 150 mm as 60-80 pieces. Here is to add about 90-94 towed mortars and not less than 8 230-mm self-propelled mortars “Tulip”. Total 230-340 guns and mortars of all calibers. In sum, the army component of the APU at the moment has about 20,000 personnel, about 220 tanks, 500 armored vehicles (from the remnants of the BMP/BMD up to all sorts of BRDM-2) and about 300 guns and mortars. In addition, Ukraine created such formation, as the national guard (former internal troops), the battalions of the territorial defence battalions of police special forces of the interior Ministry and the battalions of Volunteer corps “Right Sector”. Many of them have intricate structure and the strange double identity, but in this mess to sort out.
In order to increase the strength of the armed forces of Ukraine, on the basis of administrative regions was generated 32 so-called territorial defence battalions, each staffed by 430 people (60 officers, 370 privates and sergeants). These are divided into three companies of 130 people plus the control section. It was assumed that these battalions will be engaged only in carrying out security and patrol service on the home front, so they did not give them heavy weapons. Even to this day almost all of them move on civilian vehicles, armored trucks and tourist buses. In the best case have 4-6 BRDM-2. The lucky knocked himself on the APC. To date, their fate is extremely diverse. Seven bttns are standing guard duty in different regions of Ukraine. Two, the 5th and 12th, rebelled, left the building and now lurk somewhere in the rear. The authorities are trying to calm them down, but the result is not yet reached. However, from a list of combat-ready units they can easily be crossed off. Another four were withdrawn from the zone of the ATO in a state of permanent dislocation and dissolved on a short leave, ie on paper they still exist, but whether their soldiers will return to barracks in case of another defeat of the army is a big question. So they can also disregarded. One battalion, the 40th Kryvbas, was completely destroyed in the Boiler 2.0. Their command deserted on the battlefield and more about the fate of the battalion you can’t hear anything. Two more battalions are still in a formative stage and for whatever reasons cannot be involved in operations. Thus, there are 16 battalions very light infantry, even easier than troopers, total population taking into account already incurred losses and some additions to the “third wave of mobilization”: 6,400 bayonets, about 20 mortars and no heavy weapons of their own. Had to sit in the rear, but an acute shortage of infantry made the command put them in the first line.
In parallel with the battalions of the territorial defence in the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine of its employees created battalions of police special forces. Very specific formation with a very narrow task of ensuring regime in the rear of the army. In essence, this is the police patrol, which gave a different form and sent to the front. The average number in each of these is 180-200 people. The main task of the service at checkpoints, convoy escort, cleaning the area after its occupation army, general anti-partisan operations, the identification and detention of suspicious persons and foreign spies. In the first line appears only rarely. Mainly work in the rear, but if the staff will embrace, they may be used as line infantry. Only 28 of these police battalions were formed. One of them , “Shakhtersk”, mass looting disbanded in disgrace, another 7 are in the permanent declaratii and restored after the complete defeat in the battles of Jul-Aug of the current year. The remaining 20 are in the area of ATO. Two of them, “Dnepr” and “Azov”, for special services deployed in a shelf number in the 900 people and transfer their own heavy weapons. However, if they received a promise is not currently known. Considering all the above, the total number of special battalions MIA can be assessed in the amount of 5,400 bayonets same light infantry, as the battalions of the territorial defence.
On the basis of internal troops of Ukraine and “Patriotic-minded volunteers” in Apr 2014 began forming the National Guard of Ukraine. To date, formed five battalions numbered at approximately 490 persons each. In fact, they are little different from battalions of territorial defense, except facilities. But the vehicles are equipped better. All NG are in the area of ATO and participate in battles. By the way, in the basements and tunnels of Donetsk airport is fighting 5th Bttn NG. The total number of National Guard estimated at 2,450 persons and up to 50 units of light armored vehicles. In addition to the fully official in the armed forces of Ukraine there are component with unclear status. It’s called battalions “Right Sector”, united in the Ukrainian Volunteer corps. Formally under the auspices of the right and the army and the interior Ministry. Although often carry their own war. At the moment they are all in the area of the ATO. 1st Transcarpathian, 2nd Lviv, 3rd Volyn, 4th Rivne, 5th Ivano-Frankivsk, 6th Ternopil. Even flashed the message of the existence of some 9th b PS UDC and battalion OUN, but in the States SCU these two units are not accurate. The number one battn PS ranges from 240 to 400 people. If we assume, on average, the entire UDC approximately 1,500-2,000 bayonets. Weapons only light arms.
To all these, you should also add about 900 soldiers three separate regiments for special purposes (2nd Kiev, 3rd Kirovograd and 8th Khmelnitsky), a consolidated battalion “Berkut” (about 400 people), a company of Marines Ukraine (about 200 people), four combined company special purpose of the office and a number (up to 150 persons) other “experts”, for example, from the “special units” of the SBU. So in these “special forces” in Ukraine today there are up to 2,000 people. Thus, the total number of forces and means that Kiev can use the expected “great and decisive attack” this weekend is 38,250 soldiers and officers (plus a number of logistical structures, like a separate unit for communication, staff workers, engineering battalions, field repair centers, medical corps etc, that in combat is not involved). Their weapons have about 220 tanks, about 600 light armored vehicles of all types (including openly outside rubbish), and up to 350 guns, mortars and rocket launchers. With virtually no strategic reserves. Serious power, but I would also like to note, to often lately claimed 60,000 soldiers of the first line it does not explicitly. If we draw historical parallels, in the South-East of Ukraine reached the spring of 1942, the Wehrmacht is preparing for a decisive offensive. He is still strong, but this is not the Wehrmacht sample summer of 1941 and the onset prepares certainly strong, but not as before, on all fronts. Only on one site. Because the forces on no more. Such is the general picture.
Update: At 18:00 on Thursday Oct 23, in the north-western part of the city was observed bright glow began a strong fire caused by shelling of state plant with incendiary shells.
Due to heavy fire in Donetsk in the evening it was clear as day
Novosti-N, Oct 23 2014 22:20
On Thursday evening, Oct 23, in the Internet media has reported the strongest fire in Donetsk. The glow is so bright that in a significant portion of the city is seen as a day. The exact cause of the fire is not clear: some media talking about the firing of phosphorus shells, others about the fire at the plant Donetsk state plant of chemical products, which manufactures explosives and ammunition.
Friday 11 am: Reports of the use of cluster munitions during the shelling of residential areas of Donetsk region called by the UNHRC “special concern”. This was announced on Thursday by Asst Sec-Gen UNHRC Ivan Shimonovich. According to him, fighting continuing despite the truce, and obstacles from both sides of the conflict complicate the provision of care to the population.
ISIS rakes in donations on Twitter
Justin Sink, The Hill, Oct 23 2014
Usaia is “very focused” on disrupting the social media fundraising by supporters of ISIS, the Treasury Dept said Thursday. The terror network has solicited both small and big-dollar donations through social media, David Cohen, the Treasury Dept’s under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said during an appearance in the White House briefing room. Cohen said:
You see these appeals on Twitter in particular from, you know, well-known terrorist financiers . . . and they’re quite explicit that these are to be made to ISIL for their military campaign. That makes the efforts of countries in the Gulf that are, you know, quite intent on preventing funding from going to ISIL, the Saudis for instance, it makes their efforts more difficult because these are appeals that are made, you know, over social media and made broadly.
Cohen said that Usaia had already sanctioned a handful of individuals responsible for channelling online donations to the terror group. Still, Usaia believes that external donations “are not right now a significant source of funding” relative to other revenue streams. According to the Treasury Dept, ISIS was earning $1m/day through the sale of smuggled oil before coalition airstrikes began targeting the group this summer. The group has also earned an estimated $20m through kidnappings and ransom, and millions more every month through criminal activity. Cohen said:
I think there’s no question that ISIL is among the best-financed terrorist organizations, leaving aside state-sponsored terrorist organizations, that we’ve confronted.
Later, White House press secretary Josh Earnest said the administration was working with faith-based leaders to help counter extremism on social media. Earnest said:
I think there’s an opportunity for everybody to do more to make sure we’re succeeding in this effort.
ISIS among world’s richest militant groups: Usaia
AFP, Oct 23 2014
Washington – ISIS has fast become one of the world’s wealthiest terror groups, generating tens of millions of dollars a month from black market oil sales, ransoms and extortion, officials said. It earns $1m/day alone by selling crude oil from fields captured when the group swept across Iraq and Syria earlier this year, said David Cohen, Treasury Under-Sec for terrorism and financial intelligence. Because ISIS has “amassed wealth at an unprecedented pace” from different sources than most terror groups, it presents a particular challenge to Usaia working to choke off money flows. Outlining what he called a three-pronged effort, Cohen said:
We have no silver bullet, no secret weapon to empty ISIL’s coffers overnight. This will be a sustained fight, and we are in the early stages.
IS is now “considered the world’s wealthiest and most financially sophisticated terrorist organization,” said Marwan Muasher if the Carnegie Endowment. Unlike AQ, ISIS does not attract most of its funds from deep-pocketed rich donors, often in Gulf countries, or from state sponsors. Yet, Cohen said:
With the important exception of some state-sponsored terrorist organizations, ISIL is probably the best-funded terrorist organization we have confronted. Its revenue sources are deep and diverse. Oil sales alone from captured refineries are allowing the militants to produce some 50 kb/d, to be sold at substantially discounted prices to a variety of middlemen, including from Turkey, who then resell it. Oil has also been sold to Kurds in Iraq, and we are looking carefully at the middlemen involved in the smuggling. At some point there is someone in that chain of transactions who is involved in the legitimate or quasi-legitimate economy. They have a bank account. Their trucks may be insured.
Even Assad’s regime, which is fighting ISIS as well as the moderate US-backed opposition, was buying oil from the militants, which in a bizarre twist comes from fields and refineries once under Syrian control. The group has also pocketed about $20m this year from kidnappings, particularly of journalists and European hostages. And it demands money from local businesses in cities and towns through “a sophisticated extortion racket,” plunders antiquities and sells off women and girls as sex slaves. US air strikes have begun impeding the militants’ ability to produce oil, and Turkish and Kurdish authorities have pledged to stop smuggling on their territory. Cohen vowed:
Usaia will hit hard against those found buying illegal oil. Sanctions will follow, and it will not just be a question of cutting them off from the Usaian banking system. We can also make it very difficult for them to find a bank anywhere that will touch their money or process their transactions.
Washington is also
working with attempting to persuade its allies to adopt the hard line taken by Usaia, and refuse to pay ransoms to free kidnap victims. Much of the Usaian focus has been on Gulf countries, which in the past have come under fire for allowing the financing of terror groups. Significant progress has been made in countries like Saudi Arabia and the UAE, Cohen said, both nations he has visited in the push against ISIS. But in Qatar and Kuwait, seen in the past as “permissive jurisdictions for terrorist financing… there is more work to be done.” Despite the group’s wealth, however, it still does not have enough money to pay for basic services to Iraqis in territory it has captured, and could face local opposition, Cohen said. He told reporters later at the White House:
A terrorist organization’s financial strength turns on its ability to continue to tap into funding streams, its ability to use the funds that it has, and also its expenses. Iraq has earmarked some $2b for the local services in the provinces now under ISIS control. The militants have nowhere near enough funds to meet the shortfall.
From oil to extortion, ISIL’s monthly millions in Usaian sights
Taimur Khan, UAE National, Oct 23 2014
NEW YORK – ISIL makes tens of millions of dollars a month from oil sales, ransoms, extortion and private donors, and Usaia plans to choke off this revenue using tactics honed against AQ and the Taliban, a Usaian official said. The extremists in Iraq and Syria earn around $1m/day from oil and petroleum products alone, which they sell to Turkish and Kurdish smugglers and middlemen as well as the Assad regime, said David Cohen, who leads Washington’s financial counter-terrorism efforts against ISIL. Outlining Usaian plans to target ISIL’s cash flow, Cohen praised the UAE and Saudi Arabia for steps taken since 2001 to choke off private donation networks in the Gulf, a lesser but potentially crucial source of funding for the militants in the future. The Usaian Treasury Under-Sec for terrorism and financial intelligence said the “unprecedented pace” and scale of ISIL’s revenues were bolstered by kidnap ransoms, which contributed at least $20m to its coffers this year, while extortion of residents in the vast territory it controls between Damascus and Baghdad brings in several million each month. Cohen said in a speech at the Carnegie Endowment in Washington:
With the important exception of some state-sponsored terrorist organisations, ISIL is probably the best-funded terrorist organisation we have confronted. Though donations from individuals in the Gulf provide the smallest proportion of ISIL’s revenue, experts say these funding networks are likely to become of greater significance as the military operations make ISIL’s war economy harder for it to manage and as financial targeting by the international community and banks takes effect. We are working especially closely with our friends in the Gulf, who are stalwart partners in the anti-ISIL coalition, to ensure that they all have the tools in place to combat terrorist financing and that they all use those tools effectively. We must be prepared for the possibility that wealthy extremists will increasingly seek to fund ISIL. Qatar and Kuwait are not enforcing the financial counter-terrorism legal frameworks both countries have in place. We have been increasing pressure on both countries in recent months to do more to shut down extremist financiers. There are Usaia- and UN-designated terrorist financiers in Qatar that have not been acted against under Qatari law. Usaia and UAE have just initiated a bilateral terrorist financing task force. We’re going to work even more closely.
A Usaian Treasury spokesperson said no further details on the task force were available for the time being. Cohen stressed that the strategy to cut off ISIL’s financing will take time and that there is “no silver bullet”, and that pushing them from territory where they control resources through the coalition military campaign would be key. Usaia-led coalition airstrikes have targeted ISIL oil tankers, wells and refineries in Syria, and Cohen said targeting the people in Turkey as well as ISIL’s battlefield enemies in Iraqi Kurdistan, and the Assad regime in Syria, who profit from the oil smuggling trade and access to discounted fuel, would be a central focus of the US Treasury’s sanctions. Cohen said:
To disrupt the market in oil derived from ISIL-controlled fields, we will target for financial sanctions anyone who trades in ISIL’s stolen oil. The trade in this oil fundamentally funds this terrorist organisation. This will be made more difficult by the fact that financial transactions around this trade are made in cash and through informal networks that do not require sending money across borders through international financial systems, but at some point the oil is acquired by someone in the formal sector who can be targeted. The middlemen, traders, refiners, transport companies, and anyone else that handles ISIL’s oil should know that we are hard at work identifying them, and that we have tools at hand to stop them. We have learned how to successfully shut down informal Taliban and AQ funding networks in AfPak over the past decade. We are concerned about ISIL being able to launder money and have access to the Iraqi, Syrian and international banking systems through functioning bank branches on territory it controls, and we are working with Iraqi counterparts and banking executives to address this. Even though ISIL is the wealthiest militant group, in relative terms its financial strength is limited by a key vulnerability: its desire to govern huge swathes of territory. ISIL is already having trouble providing basic services like water and electricity in cities such as Mosul. We will further exploit this.