i think it’s hotter

Trump Defies G7, Refuses To Back Climate Deal After “Controversial” Debate
Tyler Durden, Zero Hedge, May 26 2017

The G7, or rather G6 excluding Trump, tried to tame the pindo president and failed, which means on Saturday the group will sign off on a significantly “pared-down” statement at the close of their meeting in Sicily, an indication of deep divisions on climate change, trade and various other issues between Trump and the rest of the developed world. Pushing hard to persuade Trump to back the landmark Paris climate accord deal, after hours of talks that were described by Angela Merkel as “controversial,” the G-7 leaders failed to get Trump’s endorsement. The leaders did issue a joint statement on fighting terrorism, admonishing internet service providers and social media companies to “substantially increase” their efforts to rein in extremist content. According to Italy’s PM Gentiloni, the group was also inching closer to finding common language on trade, a controversial issue for Trump who has repeatedly pushed for a “Pindostan first” agenda. Gentiloni told reporters according to Reuters:

There is one open question, which is the pindo position on the Paris climate accords. All others have confirmed their total agreement on the accord.

Pindo boxtops had signaled beforehand that Trump would not take a decision on the climate deal at the summit. Merkel and Macron had hoped to sway Trump and failed, despite what Merkel described as a “controversial” climate debate. She added that there was a “very intensive” exchange of views. One can only imagine. Speaking separately, Trump’s economic adviser Gary Cohn said Trump’s views on climate were “evolving” and that he would ultimately do what was best for Pindostan. Italy chose to stage the summit in Sicily to draw attention to Africa, which is 225 km from the island at its closest point across the Mediterranean. More than half a million migrants, most from sub-Saharan Africa, have reached Italy by boat since 2014, taking advantage of the chaos in Libya to launch their perilous crossings. In addition to trade and climate, drafts of the communique as of Friday were due to address topics such as migration and gender equality. The “ongoing large-scale movement” of migrants and refugees calls for “coordinated efforts,” according to a draft of the communique seen by Bloomberg News.

We reaffirm the sovereign rights of states to control their own borders and set clear limits on net migration levels, as key elements of their national security and economic well-being.

The draft is also set to say gender equality is fundamental for human rights. A separate statement on counter-terrorism efforts called on social media companies to do more in the fight against terrorism. As the leaders attended a concert and gala dinner on Friday night, their aides worked to finalize the draft wording. Gentiloni said:

On the major theme of global trade, we are still working on the shape of the final communique, but it seems to me the direct discussions today have produced common positions that we can work on.

The final G7 communique traditionally outlines the common positions of the member states’ leaders on the economy and other global issues requiring joint action by the world’s leading powers. This year’s statement is on pace to be less than 10 pages, or less than a third the 32-page memo signed last year in Japan, according to Bloomberg. John Kirton, director of the University of Toronto’s G7 Research Group, downplayed the relative scale of divisions. He told Bloomberg:

You can test this stuff empirically. A shorter communique tends to mean the less they actually produce by way of commitments. I don’t think it’s more divided than it’s ever been before. At the 1982 summit, the issue of a Soviet gas pipeline divided them, so they patched it over with some communique, but then they all ran off to their post-summit briefings and said “We don’t agree with it! We don’t agree with it!” So it made things worse. They kind of publicized their failure.

There was one thing the group could agree on: a crackdown on the “internet abuse.” The statement said:

We will combat the misuse of the Internet by terrorists. The G7 calls for communication service providers and social media companies to substantially increase their efforts to address terrorist content.

Transatlantic tensions dominate G7 summit
Peter Schwarz, WSWS, May 27 2017

The international system of alliances created after WW2 is breaking apart. This reality is on display at the G7 summit, which concludes Saturday in Taormina. European Council President Donald Tusk said on the eve of the meeting:

There can be no doubt that this will be the toughest G7 summit in many years.

The European media have identified the cause for the crisis as the provocative and erratic behaviour of Pres Trump, but Trump is merely the expression of much more fundamental tendencies. Almost a decade after the global financial crisis which brought the world economy to the brink of collapse in 2008, the conflicting interests among the imperialist powers have reached a point at which they can no longer be reconciled through talks and diplomacy. This was made clear above all in the areas of trade and climate change policy, two of the most contentious issues at the summit. On Thursday, Trump strongly criticised Germany’s economic policy. At a meeting with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Tusk in Brussels, he described the Germans as “bad, very bad,” and threatened to stop the sale of German cars in Pindostan. At the subsequent NATO meeting, Trump denounced the assembled heads of government, accusing:

23 of 28 member states are not paying what they should be paying. (This is unfair towards) the people and taxpayers of Pindostan.

On the flight to Italy, Gary Cohn said:

We will have a very controversial debate about trade and we will talk about what free and open means. The issue is making the rules of the game fair. We will treat other countries like they treat us. The Paris Agreement on climate change is unjust because it restricts economic growth in Pindostan and creates unequal conditions for competition. There will be quite a robust discussion.

Trump promised during the election campaign that Pindostan would withdraw from the climate change agreement, which was finalised at the end of 2015 and has since been signed by them, China, the Europeans and several other countries. The other G7 countries, Germany, France, Britain, Italy, Japan and Canada, are warning against Pindostan leaving. A confrontation developed Friday during the first order of business at the summit. The Pindo delegation blocked a proposal for dealing with the refugee crisis presented by the Italian hosts. The Italian government, which plays a key role in sealing off the Mediterranean Sea to migrants fleeing wars in the MENA, intended at least verbally to recognise the rights of refugees, but Pindostan categorically rejected this. According to informed sources, Pindo negotiators were not prepared to negotiate and stood by the position, “Take it or we’re doing nothing.” In the draft declaration, at the insistence of Pindostan, there is only one sentence on refugee policy:

We confirm the right of states to control their borders and set clear limits for migration.

Le Monde raged about the “mistaken, brutal and boorish methods of Donald Trump.” Outrage reached fever pitch in Germany. It may be the case that the European powers behave more politely and with more political correctness than the Pindo president, but they pursue their global economic and geostrategic interests just as unscrupulously as he does. In a lead article on Trump’s visit to Brussels, the Süddeutsche Zeitung noted that the EU is seeking to counteract the nationalist “Pindostan first” policy by posing as advocates of open markets and added:

The Europeans are determined to fill the hole that Pindostan will leave after Trump’s rejection of world trade. The European Commission is currently negotiating some 20 trade deals around the world on behalf of the EU states, including with Japan, Singapore and Vietnam.

Under the pressure of declining economic growth, unstable financial markets and sharpening social tensions, a bitter struggle is once again erupting between the imperialist powers over markets, raw materials and strategic influence. As during the first half of the 20th century, each capitalist nation-state is attempting to obtain the upper hand against and push back its opponents. The G6 was established in 1975 in response to the first major economic crisis in the post-war era. Canada had not yet joined. The leaders of the six most powerful economies met at Rambouillet Palace for “fireplace discussions” to prevent the breakdown of the Bretton Woods system and the first major oil crisis from leading to trade war and military conflict. In 1998, the G7 was expanded to include Russia and became the G8, but Russia was expelled in 2014 for its annexation of Crimea. The conflicts and tensions between the remaining members are now growing. These developments not only call into question the continued existence of the G7, but also NATO, the most important military alliance of the past 70 years. Observers took notice of Trump’s refusal during his Brussels visit to reaffirm his commitment to Article 5 of NATO, which commits all member states to come to the assistance of a NATO member in case of attack. The Financial Times commented:

Mr Trump’s failure to endorse the alliance’s mutual defence clause came as a shock.

Nicholas Burns, who was Pindo ambassador to NATO on 9/11, tweeted:

NATO was always a reactionary military alliance, which either as a whole or as part of shifting coalitions has played a major role in the neocolonial wars in the MENA and in the military build-up against Russia. But if it should now break apart under the pressure of its internal conflicts, this would result in wars between the Western powers being once again possible and even probable. As in 1914 and 1939, the crisis of the capitalist global order is leading once again to war. The only way to prevent such a catastrophe is through the building of an international anti-war movement rooted in the working class and fighting for a socialist programme.

Merkel Furious With Trump After “Unprecedented” G7 Failure To Reach Consensus On Climate Change
Tyler Durden, Zero Hedge, May 27 2017

In the end it was not mean to be. As discussed on Friday, during Trump’s first G7 summit, world leaders including Merkel and Macron, had hoped to persuade Trump to endorse the Paris Agreement climate pledge to fight global warming. By the end of the summit, held at a luxury hotel in Taormina, they realized they had failed, as Trump “underscored his determination to break the global mold” by refusing to follow the G7 line not only on global warming but also by resisting measures on trade. Furthermore, in what was described as an “unprecedented step,” the final G7 communique gave Pindostan its own section to say that it is “undergoing a review process” and is unable to join in the discussion, an official cited by Bloomberg said. As a result, while Pindostan will remain excluded from the final affirmation, the other six, call it the G6, will recommit to the Paris Agreement on climate change, which Trump tweeted Saturday he’d come to a decision on next week.

Merkel, who had hoped to leave the Saturday summit with the G7 agenda endorsed by everyone including Trump, was furious. The unhappy German told reporters Saturday:

The whole discussion about climate has been difficult, or rather very unsatisfactory. Here we have the situation that six members, or even seven if you want to add the EU (itself), stand against one. That means there are no signals until now whether Pindostan will remain in the Paris Agreement or not. We have therefore not talked around it, but made clear that we, the six member states and the EU, remain committed to the goals of the agreement. The fact that we have not been able to make progress here is of course a situation in which you have to say that there is no common support for an important international agreement. This Paris Agreement is not simply any old agreement, but it’s rather a core agreement. There is right now no agreement, but we have made very clear that we are not moving away from our positions.

Moments later, the final declaration was released, stating that Pindostan was “not in a position to join consensus” on climate change.

It wasn’t just Merkel who was displeased with Trump. According to Politico, a senior EU official who was briefed on the closed NATO meetings in Brussels said:

(It’s) like when there’s a new strange kid in the class nobody likes. You behave civilly when teachers (media) watch, but don’t spend time with him in private, because he’s so different.

Trump’s inability to integrate with European leaders aside, there was at least some G7 concensus on trade, after government officials were said to have found an agreement after haggling over wording on protectionism and reciprocal benefits, Bloomberg reported. Technical negotiations had stretched until 3 am in Taormina to try to reconcile Trump’s ‘Pindostan First’ approach with the other leaders’ commitment to open markets. The result is a reference to combating protectionism to be included in the final text, according to two of the officials. Still, said the third, the document in its current draft clearly falls back by comparison to earlier G7 communiques. Merkel said:

We want to make the WTO successful. We had very tough discussions about trade. Here I think we have found a reasonable solution. We commit ourselves to a rules-based trade system. We want to make the WTO successful. We will together keep our markets open and will move against protectionism, but will at the same time fight against unfair trade practices. This is also in the German interest when I think about the question of steel.

According to Bloomberg::

(The discussions) underscore the Trump administration’s decision to break with the established order honed over decades. Trump told his fellow leaders on Friday that he had campaigned on a platform of protecting Pindo jobs and would act accordingly, according to the officials, all of whom asked not to be named discussing the private meetings.

But the best indication of the hit globalization took over the past 48 horus, was the actual content of the final G7 communique, which was just six pages long compared to 32 pages last year. While much was dropped from the final draft, the text will contain a passage on migration, which it refers to as human mobility. It includes a sentence which says that nations also have the right to protect their security, while observing human rights.

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