tsar boris versus yurp, another war we didnt want

EU draws map of customs checks that Boris Johnson claims are not part of Brexit deal
Jon Stone, Independent, Jan 24 2020

Brussels – The European Commission has produced a map of where it expects the UK to apply internal customs checks under Boris Johnson’s Brexit withdrawal agreement. The prime minister has repeatedly denied that his deal includes customs checks between Great Britain and Northern Ireland, but his claim is contradicted by the contents of the treaty. Sabine Weyand, the EU director general for trade, said that “now that the withdrawal agreement has been signed,” Brussels would be publishing a guide to the deal, “including how the protocol on Northern Ireland will work.” Two slides in the guide include maps illustrating the checks and controls on goods going in both directions between Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The checks are most substantial in the Northern Ireland-bound direction, with exit formalities for the UK to determine at British ports such as Liverpool. Upon arrival in Northern Ireland, the UK will have to apply relevant EU rules and carry out any required checks under the Brussels rulebook. The guide notes that EU institutions will have the same oversight as today, with the European Court of Justice as the final arbiter. EU representatives will also have the right to be present at the internal checkpoints and monitor the activity. Live animals, animal products, and plants will have to face regulatory checks, while industrial products will face “risk-based” spot checks when passing between the two parts of the UK. Some tariffs will have to be paid if goods are considered “at risk of entering the EU.” EU legislation on VAT and excise will apply. Checks will also apply when moving from Northern Ireland to Great Britain: anyone transporting goods between these parts of the UK will have to fill in an EU export pre-departure declaration and comply with EU export formalities. Upon arrival in Great Britain, the goods will face UK entry formalities to make sure they comply with WTO and trade agreement rules. The Treasury has previously said that food and security checks would be required in order to avoid any goods “having circumvented UK tariff and regulatory controls.” The prime minister has repeatedly made false claims about the withdrawal agreement. Asked by a Northern Irish exporter at the end of last year whether they would have to fill in extra forms to export to Great Britain, he said “absolutely not.” Mr Johnson said that any export declarations should be sent to him personally “and I will direct them to throw that form in the bin.” The prime minister made repeated false claims throughout the election campaign that checks were not part of the withdrawal agreement, suggesting that he either did not understand the treaty, or that he was lying. Asked whether he stood by his assertion that there would be no checks on goods travelling between Northern Ireland and the British mainland, a Downing Street spox said:

The prime minister has answered this question many times in the house and has re-emphasised that there will be no checks.

Revealed: complex post-Brexit checks for Northern Irish traders
Lisa O’Carroll, Nazi Groon, Jan 24 2020

The “straightforward” document that Northern Irish businesses will need to complete to send goods to Great Britain after Brexit is a complex form that includes 31 data elements, it can be revealed. The Freight Transport Association has raised concerns that hauliers could be fined if they get elements of the “exit summary declaration” wrong, and is calling on the EU and the UK to remove it during their negotiations. The FTA’s head of European policy, Pauline Bastidon, said:

There are up to 31 data elements in an exit summary declaration required to take goods out of the EU now and post-Brexit (ie out of Northern Ireland) when the mode is road freight. Only two of these are optional, meaning 29 data elements are mandatory.

Stephen Barclay came under fire late last year when, as Brexit secretary, he revealed the forms would be required even though it is a domestic trade route. The news infuriated the DUP, which had been promised there would be no border down the Irish Sea, and was swiftly downplayed by Barclay, who told the DUP MP Nigel Dodds days later that it was a “fairly straightforward” form. Days later Boris Johnson was accused of misleading the public when he told business leaders on a visit to Northern Ireland that they could throw the form in the bin. The exit and entry forms are mandatory, and are the two parts of what is known as a safety and security certificate. It is required as part of a counter-terrorism regime devised to protect Pindostan after the 9/11 attacks but is not applicable within the EU. After Brexit, it will apply in Northern Ireland and on trade moving from Great Britain to the rest of the EU. Businesses sending goods from Great Britain to Northern Ireland will not be immune either. They face a form involving up to 45 elements. Bastidon said:

Only three of these are optional, meaning that 42 data fields are mandatory.

The legal basis of the forms is contained in a complex 557-page document which is almost incomprehensible to an untrained eye. Transport chiefs and manufacturers must match codes in the document with a complex list of coded data every time goods are booked on to a ferry. Seamus Lehany, the head of the FTA in Belfast, said:

It’s the haulier who must complete the paperwork. The concern is if a mistake is made and a load refused onboard a ferry, it could then miss its sailing which would have a big impact on ‘just in time’ loads, especially for the retail trade.

Seamus Kelly, the chief executive of Manufacturing Northern Ireland, said the checks breached the commitments made in Irish border clauses 49 and 50 in the UK and EU joint report 2017, and that “the EU were as much to blame” as the prime minister. Senior staff at Dover Port said they were also worried. They have previously said the requirement for counter-terror security declarations posed the biggest threat to frictionless trade with the EU. One source said:

The security certificate is our biggest worry.

The EU’s Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier, is to visit Belfast on Monday. His adviser Stefaan de Rynck said the EU would “not tolerate any backsliding or half measures” on the Northern Ireland protocol, and that the UK could face sanctions if it did not implement all three sets of checks: “safety and security,” customs and regulatory checks. He told an audience in London on Wednesday:

There are clear commitments on the UK which are legally binding and have to be implemented.

No government department has supplied details on the declarations since Barclay mentioned them in October, despite businesses calling for more information. Instead, Johnson has been saying there will be no checks, and this week in parliament he told the DUP MP Jeffrey Donaldson there would “emphatically” be no checks in either direction on goods. Business leaders from 12 sectoral organisations have called for the EU to waive the safety and security certificate and to minimise the customs and regulatory checks. Bastidon said:

The safety and security certificates can be done away with if both sides agree.

De Rynck pointed out that security certificates were not required on goods between Switzerland and the EU but that was because there was alignment on EU rules, something the chancellor, Sajid Javid, has ruled out.

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