loony britain & france

UK COVID-19 “alert” system overseen by UK spy chiefs
Julie Hyland, WSWS, Oct 19 2020

More than half of England’s population are under tougher social restrictions, due to the three-tier localised COVID-19 framework introduced by the Johnson government. The restrictions are largely ineffectual as educational institutions and workplaces—the largest source of infections—remain open in every tier. These localised tiers are part of the national alert level, currently set at four, which is set by the Joint Biosecurity Centre. Established in May, little is known about the JBC, except that it is modelled on the UK’s Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre and is overseen by spy chiefs. But it is this body that is setting the government’s pandemic response. According to the British Medical Journal:

The purpose of the JBC is to provide independent real-time national and local analysis of infections and to build on the UK’s public health infrastructure and surveillance network, to understand the COVID-19 threat at any given time. It will provide information to local public health teams such as levels of hospital bed occupancy, including critical care beds, the number of local people who have tested positive and registered with the track and trace service and the number of their contacts who have been identified, and mortality data.

Some £9b is being invested in the JBC. Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty told the House of Lords Science and Technology Committee on Jul 17:

So much resource has rightly had to be put into the JBC, because we really have not invested in health protection over the last several years.

The decision to invest in this secretive body, rather than the National Health Service, which is struggling to function after years of austerity and privatisation, confirms that the official response to the COVID-19 pandemic has nothing to do with safeguarding public health and saving lives. It is part of the policy of herd immunity, while using the pandemic to restructure economic and social relations and strengthen the state apparatus. The JBC is led by Clare Gardiner, the head of cyber resilience and strategy at the National Cyber Security Centre, part of GCHQ. Gardiner took over from senior Home Office counter-terrorism official Tom Hurd, who has no scientific background. The son of former Tory foreign secretary Douglas Hurd, he was initially charged with getting the JBC operational. According to the Guardian, his JBC remit now completed:

Hurd is considered the front-runner to take over after Sir Alex Younger retires from MI6.

The JBC is based “in the Cabinet Office, alongside the existing security coordination apparatus”, the Guardian reported. It comes under the NHS Test-and-Trace service, whose executive chair is Dido Harding, Tory peer and a former McKinsey consultant. Like Harding, the Test-and-Trace service has little to do with the NHS. It is largely provided by private corporations, with the involvement of the Ministry of Defence. No other information on the wider membership or staffing of the JBC is known. Citing an anonymous Whitehall official, the Financial Times reported:

A small number of personnel from GCHQ’s headquarters in Cheltenham have already been seconded to help the centre develop its data analytics capabilities.

The JBC sidelines the government Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies. It has also taken over responsibility from Public Health England which, as part of a further reorganisation in August, now sits alongside the JBC under the umbrella of the National Institute for Health Protection, the interim executive chair of which is none other than Dido Harding. Professor Allyson Pollock from Newcastle University, a member of the Independent SAGE group, said in May:

Even the term biosecurity is really worrying. We should be thinking about surveillance for epidemics and disease control.

Pollock noted that the number of public health labs had been cut from 50 to eight over the last 30 years. Professor Devi Sridhar, chair of global public health at Edinburgh University, tweeted in June:

The JBC is not the only area of state intelligence involved in the government response to COVID-19. It includes the Ministry of Defence Strategic Command, whose “innovation hub,” jHub, was brought in by government “to provide assistance, coordination and coherence of the COVID-19 symptom tracker apps.” NHS England confirmed in July that the contract for US data-mining company Palentir to work on UK Covid data projects had been extended for four months. Run by pro-Trump oligarch Peter Thiel, it has extensive links to the Pentagon and US spy agencies. Also in July, the government was forced to admit that the UK’s Test and Trace contact-tracing programme had been operating unlawfully since it was established in May, as it had failed to complete a mandatory Date Protection Impact Assessment. The admission was forced following a legal challenge by the Open Rights Group, which said:

We have been forced to threaten judicial review to ensure that people’s privacy is protected.

In response, the government said it would reduce the period in which COVID-19 related data was retained from 20 years to eight years. Under the draconian Coronavirus Act, introduced in March without a vote in Parliament as agreed by Labour, then under the leadership of Jeremy Corbyn, the police are empowered to arrest and isolate anyone suspecting of being able to spread COVID-19. The powers of the police have now been strengthened by granting them even greater surveillance abilities, with police forces given access to the contact details of potentially millions of people who are self-isolating. The Department of Health and Social Care website has been updated with guidance that people who fail to self-isolate “without reasonable justification” could have their name, address and contact details passed on to their local authority and then to the police. It adds:

A police force may request information relating to positive COVID-19 tests from the NHS Test-and-Trace programme directly.

A positive test for COVID requires people in England to self-isolate for 10 days after displaying symptoms or face fines starting at £1k. Penalties can rise £10k for repeat or serious breaches. According to the Health Service Journal, the police were handed the powers after an “incredibly forceful” intervention by Health Secretary Matt Hancock. The BBC reports that, following Hancock’s intervention:

A memorandum of understanding was issued between the DHSC and National Police Chiefs’ Council to allow forces to access information that tells them if a ‘specific individual’ has been told to self-isolate.

A spokesman for the National Police Chiefs’ Council confirmed that the new snooping powers were in operation, saying:

The police will encourage voluntary compliance, but will enforce the regulations and issue fixed penalty notices where appropriate and necessary.

A British Medical Association spokesman responded that the test-and-trace system required “the full confidence of the public” to be effective. He said:

We are already concerned that some people are deterred from being tested because they are anxious about loss of income should they need to self-isolate, and we are worried should police involvement add to this.

State-orchestrated anti-Semitism witch-hunt extended to UK university campuses
Thomas Scripps, WSWS, Oct 19 2020

Education Secretary Gavin Williamson has sent a letter to UK university vice-chancellors calling it “frankly disturbing” that most universities have not adopted the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance’s definition of anti-Semitism. He warned that if he did not see “the overwhelming majority of institutions adopting the definition by Christmas,” then he would ask the Office for Students (OfS) to take regulatory action, possibly including suspending “funding streams.” Williamson’s letter is preparing for the censorship of hundreds of thousands of students and higher education staff. It is the latest move in a five-year conspiracy of the Conservative government, the Labour Party and Zionist organisations aimed at criminalising vast swathes of the political left. The IHRA definition is a mechanism for outlawing political criticism of the Israeli state, its criminal oppression of the Palestinians and the right-wing religious nationalism on which it is founded. It states:

Anti-Semitic behaviour includes the expression of opinions denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination, for example by claiming that the existence of a state of Israel is a racist endeavour, applying double standards by requiring of it behaviour not expected or demanded of any other democratic nation, and drawing comparisons of contemporary Israeli policy to that of the Nazis.

In 2017, the Campaign Against Anti-Semitism prompted a letter of protest from 250 academics when it tried to disrupt Israeli Apartheid Week events on campus, urging its supporters to “record, film, photograph and get witness evidence,” telling them it would “help you to take it up with the university, students’ union or even the police.” The CAA cited the IHRA definition as the basis for prosecutions. In 2019, Labour-controlled London council Tower Hamlets cancelled an annual Palestinian charity event previously attended by hundreds of people, because it was deemed to conflict with the principles of the IHRA. Now the Tory government intends to roll out the same censorship and repression across all UK universities. That such a reactionary campaign has reached this stage is devastating proof of the blows dealt to the working class and youth due to the lack of principle and political cowardice displayed by Jeremy Corbyn during his five-year leadership of the Labour Party. The IHRA definition came to prominence in the UK in the context of the anti-Semitism witch-hunt carried out by the Blairite majority of the Parliamentary Labour Party, with the sponsorship of the Israeli state and Tory MPs. The WSWS and the SEP immediately raised the alarm over the significance of this right-wing campaign, writing in 2016:

A political amalgam has been established that equates any criticism of Israel with anti-Semitism, with the aim of charging the entire ‘left’ with this crime, on the basis that all Jews identify with the state of Israel. Any criticism of the historical actions of the Zionist movement and above all, any equation of Israel’s brutal treatment of Palestinians with that suffered by Jews under fascism, is outlawed. The strident accusations of anti-Semitism are aimed at shifting the domestic and foreign policy, not just of Labour but of the entire British political establishment, sharply to the right. A definition of anti-Semitism that includes criticism of Israel provides a legal mechanism for censoring, silencing and criminalising left-wing views and organisations, while whipping up and legitimising anti-Muslim sentiment. This right-wing offensive has no historical legitimacy or popular support. It is the spearhead for a state-orchestrated conspiracy led by the Blairites, acting with the Conservative Party, the media, the military and intelligence establishment and the Israel lobby.

Leading organisations in the witch-hunt, and proponents of the IHRA, include the pro-Zionist Jewish Labour Movement, staffed by party right-wingers; Labour Friends of Israel, involved in framing fellow Labour members for alleged anti-Semitism; the Community and Security Trust, funded by the Conservative government to the tune of £65.2m since 2015; the British Israel Communications and Research Centre (BICOM), an Israeli advocacy group; and the Board of Deputies of British Jews, a right-wing, conservative organisation. The Israeli and US states were deeply involved. A staffer at the Israeli embassy in the UK, Shai Masot, was shown by al-Jazeera to be involved in plans to “take down” UK MPs perceived as hostile to Israel. Al-Jazeera’s reporting also revealed that the Israeli embassy helped to establish, and in some cases directly funded, several “independent” organisations, including the Union of Jewish Students. In Jun 2019, Pompeo told a conference of American Jewish organisations that the American state would organise “push back” against a prospective Corbyn government. If Russia or China had interfered in British politics to a fraction of the level of the US and Israel, the howls from parliament and the media would be deafening!

By winning a victory over Corbyn, these forces planned to lay the foundations for a broader assault on left-wing workers and youth. By his refusal to oppose the Blairites, his constant political retreats on fundamental questions including NATO membership, the Trident nuclear missile system and war with Syria, and insistence that party unity must be maintained at all costs, Corbyn handed them this victory on a plate. Not only did he suppress all opposition to the right-wing in the party and the working class more broadly, but he became a co-conspirator in the witch-hunt of his own supporters, including long-time allies. Prominent Labour “left” and former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone was hounded out of the party on bogus charges of anti-Semitism in 2018, taking Corbyn’s advice to retire quietly. The WSWS warned:

The claiming of such a high-profile scalp will be felt internationally. The witch-hunt and expulsions within Labour will be held up by right-wing forces all over the world, above all in Israel and the US, as proof of the left’s supposed rampant anti-Semitism and used as a justification for systematic political censorship and persecution.

Other Corbyn supporters followed, including Jackie Walker, Marc Wadsworth and many, many more lesser-known Labour members. Under Corbyn, the Labour Party then adopted the IHRA definition in full in 2018, and acquiesced to a politically-motivated investigation into anti-Semitism in the Labour Party by the Equalities and Human Rights Commission in 2019. That year, Corbyn and his team actively participated in the expulsion of another prominent ally, Labour MP Chris Williamson, whose treatment made clear the intentions the witch-hunters had for the universities. Based on false anti-Semitism charges, Labour and Zionist student societies worked to ban Williamson from speaking on their campuses. In 2018, the WSWS wrote:

Corbyn is attempting to facilitate the efforts of the UK’s political establishment, together with the state of Israel and the US, to proscribe left-wing opposition to Zionism as ‘extremism’ to justify its political suppression.

Corbyn’s betrayals ended in Labour’s decisive defeat in the December 2019 general election and the coming to power of Boris Johnson. In April he tamely handed the party back to the Blairites, led by Sir Keir Starmer. One of Starmer’s first actions was to step up the McCarthyite witch-hunt in the Labour Party. Starmer dismissed Cornyn ally Rebecca Long-Bailey as Shadow Education Secretary for retweeting comments by actress Maxine Peake that were critical of Israel—pointing out that Israeli security forces trained US police in the restraint techniques that led to the May 25 death of George Floyd. Lloyd Russell-Moyle, a shadow environment minister, resigned after the Jewish Labour Movement demanded his resignation for an old Facebook message describing Zionism as a “dangerous nationalist idea.” Long-Bailey had herself put the finishing touches to Corbyn’s legacy during her failed campaign in the Labour leadership election, signing up to a list of 10 pledges mandated by the Board of Deputies of British Jews guaranteeing her obedience on the question of Israel and denouncing her former colleagues’ record on anti-Semitism. She became a victim of her own rotten politics.

On Wednesday Jul 22, Labour then apologised in the High Court to seven former staffers from Labour’s governance and legal unit, involved in investigating accusations of anti-Semitism. The seven became whistleblowers in a Jul 2019 BBC Panorama documentary, Is Labour Anti-Semitic? A letter of apology was sent to BBC journalist and Panorama presenter John Ware. Undisclosed financial compensation was made to the whistleblowers and to Ware, reported to be worth around £500k. Corbyn and the former party leadership had rejected the accusations made in the Panorama programme that they had shown a “lack of commitment” to investigating charges of anti-Semitism levelled against Labour members, calling the complainants “disaffected former officials” who had “worked actively to undermine” Corbyn and had “both personal and political axes to grind.” A report was commissioned by Labour’s former General Secretary Jennie Formby to be submitted as evidence to the Equalities and Human Rights Commission into its handling of anti-Semitism allegations under Corbyn, detailing what it described as a “hyper-factional atmosphere” of hostility towards Corbyn in Labour’s head office. Publication of this report was blocked by the party’s lawyers. A fresh round of legal action against the Corbynites was swiftly announced, amid demands for Corbyn’s expulsion from the party and threats to take out cases “against those who repeat the libels in future.” Only through this long and tortured birth of the myth of “institutional” left-wing anti-Semitism, with Corbyn acting as midwife, have Williamson and the Tory government been able to deliver their ultimatum to the universities.

Williamson’s letter to vice-chancellors followed a freedom of information request logged by the Union of Jewish Students (UJS) which found that just 29 of 133 universities have adopted the IHRA definition, and that 80 had no plans to do so, including Oxford and Cambridge. The UJS and Tory government have been pushing for its unanimous acceptance since May 2019, when communities minister Robert Jenrick demanded universities “show moral leadership and adopt the IHRA definition of anti-Semitism.” In Jan 2020, Jenrick upped the ante and declared:

I have been clear that all universities and local councils that have not already done so must adopt the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance definition of anti-Semitism. It is shocking that some still haven’t, demonstrating a serious lack of respect for this issue. Organisations like these should not expect to receive public money if they cannot demonstrate that they are fighting anti-Semitism.

Responding to the recent UJS freedom of information request, Jenrick said he was “extremely disappointed” and that it was “simply unacceptable that universities accept public money but refuse to take this step.” The UJS, in its statement, accused universities of “defying” their own lobbying efforts and the interventions of the government. Labour’s support is assured. In her response to the UJS, Labour’s new Shadow Education Secretary Kate Green, appointed after the removal of Long-Bailey, said:

It is welcome that a number of universities have adopted the IHRA definition or are considering it. Many more are yet to act, and must do so. Freedom of speech and thought are important but can never be an excuse for anti-Semitism. Labour urges those universities which are yet to adopt the definition to do so as soon as possible.

The full extent of the line-up between the two main parties on campus censorship was revealed this August, when former Labour MP Ruth Smeeth provided the foreword to a report from the Policy Exchange, the house think-tank of the Conservative Party entitled “Academic freedom in the UK: Protecting viewpoint diversity.” Smeeth was a key player in the anti-Semitism witch-hunt against the Corbynite “left.” Between 2005 and 2007, she served as director of public affairs and campaigns for the Britain-Israel Communications and Research Centre (BICOM), a pro-Israel lobby group. She was exposed by WikiLeaks in Jul 2016 as a “strictly protect” US asset in leaked diplomatic cables. The report alleges a “structural discriminatory effect” against academics who “identify as on the right” and calls for the Office for Students (OfS) to use its powers to fine higher education providers and student groups who infringed on their “academic free speech.” It was authored by individuals connected with the far-right libertarian milieu around web publication Spiked and the social Darwinist network in academia, which are both closely linked with the Tory party.

Theresa May’s Tory government founded the OfS in Jan 2018 amid claims in the right-wing media that universities had become bastions of left-wing intolerance and censorship. The right utilised the policy of “no-platforming” of figures such as Julian Assange and Germaine Greer by various purveyors of reactionary petit-bourgeois identity politics to portray opposition to their own views among students, which has seen popular protests against the presence on campus of prominent fascists such as Nick Griffin and Marine Le Pen, and the employing of eugenicist Noah Carl by Cambridge University, as part of a spectrum of intolerance by the “left” towards academic freedoms. Originally under the leadership of arch-reactionary Toby Young, the OfS was given a mandate supposedly to restore free speech on campus. The only “freedom” being defended was that of far-right figures to agitate and produce pseudo-science uncontested, with student protests repressed and uncooperative institutions fined. This agenda was escalated in July and August this year, when Williamson announced that financial support for struggling universities would be dependent on their “fully complying with their legal duties to secure freedom of speech.” Smeeth wrote the foreword to Policy Exchange’s manifesto for state intervention against left-wing students in her capacity as CEO of the Index on Censorship, chaired by another former Labour MP, Trevor Phillips, who heads the Policy Exchange’s “History Matters” project. As the WSWS commented at the time:

The forces marshalled behind the Index on Censorship intend to use government intervention on the campuses to suppress criticism of Israel and its criminal abuse of the Palestinians, a touchstone issue for British imperialism.

This state-orchestrated conspiracy has already seen pro-Palestinian students barred from a university campus. Williamson’s letter to vice-chancellors is a warning that the whole of the student and academic body will now be subjected to the same threats. Faced with a rising trend of international class struggle before the pandemic, which can only be intensified by its devastating impact, the ruling class are preparing a campaign of slander and outright censorship to demonise and outlaw left-wing thought. In Sep 2019, the UK revised its counter-extremism strategy to include a focus on “Violent extremist tactics and the ideology of the sectarian far left.” The authors of this report, British academics Daniel Allington, Siobhan McAndrew and David Hirsh, were deeply involved in advancing allegations of widespread anti-Semitism in the Labour Party. According to them, the “sectarian far left,” defined in their terms by its vanguardism, anti-imperialism, anti-fascism and “revolutionary workerist ideology,” is inherently “extremist” and “violent.” Examples of “revolutionary workerist” statements included the views that “The greatest threat to democracy has always come from the far right” and “We should always support striking workers.” These arguments provided the justification for last month’s directive from the Dept for Education that banned schools from using anti-capitalist material. Anti-capitalism is defined as an “extreme political stance,” equivalent to anti-Semitism and terrorism. Students must draw far-reaching conclusions and organise now to defend their democratic rights. The ruling class has so far relied on the demobilisation of all opposition by the official “left” represented by Corbyn, a caste of professional anti-communists in academia, and the political disorientation sown on campus by the identity politics of the pseudo-left. To defeat the conspiracy requires a determined struggle against these forces and for the revolutionary socialist theory of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Trotsky amongst students and young people, based fundamentally on an orientation to the working class. We call on those who agree with this programme to contact the IYSSE today.

Macron launches anti-Muslim police-state crackdown after terror attack in France
Will Morrow, Oct 20 2020

After Friday’s terrorist attack that killed middle-school teacher Samuel Paty in Conflans, the administration of Emmanuel Macron is carrying out a police-state crackdown. Hundreds of people have been deported, more than 50 Muslim associations have been targeted for dissolution, dozens of people are being arrested or raided with no connection to the terrorist attack at all and the government is seeking to criminalize protected free speech activities and eliminate anonymity on social media. Macron’s policy is all but indistinguishable from that of National Rally leader Marine Le Pen. An atmosphere of anti-Muslim hysteria is being whipped up to justify a further shift to the right of the entire political establishment, expand police powers and curb the democratic rights of the population. Macron set the tone in his speech to the national defense council on Sunday night, declaring:

The fear is now going to change sides. The Islamists cannot be allowed to sleep peacefully in our country.

The Republicans leader in the Senate, Bruno Retailleu, replied with an open call to violence, demanding “arms not tears,” and attacked Macron for “leading a lexicographical battle while a portion of the country defies the fundamental values of France.” Marine Le Pen called for the use of “force,” denouncing politicians who instead “would like us to hold candlelight vigils.” Prime Minister Jean Castex announced Sunday that the interior ministry had requested the immediate expulsion of 231 people from France who were already on government watch lists for Islamic radicalization, but who had no connection to the Oct 16 terrorist attack. In an interview with Europe 1 on Monday morning, Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin announced a series of further police state measures, saying:

Since this morning, police operations have been underway and will continue in the hours and days to come, involving dozens of individuals not necessarily connected to the investigation, but to whom we clearly would like to send a message, that which the President announced at the defense council: not a night of peace for enemies of the Republic.

Darmanin added that the government had already drawn up a list of 51 associations that it would seek to legally dissolve as so-called enemies of the Republic over the coming days. The list of these organizations has not been published, but it includes the Collective Against Islamophobia in France (CCIF), a legal advocacy organization that opposes discrimination against Muslims. The government has not attempted to provide any evidence that the CCIF was connected to the Oct 16 terrorist killing of Paty, a middle-school geography teacher in Conflans, northwest of Paris who was attacked by 18-year-old Chechen immigrant Abdoullakh Anzonov as he left school for the day. Anzonov stabbed Paty multiple times before beheading him on the street. Anzonov appears to have been motivated in this horrific crime by a public social-media campaign against Paty, including by the father of one of his students, accusing him of anti-Islamic conduct. Paty had shown an anti-Islamic caricature by Charlie Hebdo to his class as the basis for a debate on “freedom of expression,” after warning students who may have found it offensive that they could leave the classroom if they preferred not to see it. Once again, this week’s events have exposed the utterly bankrupt and reactionary perspective of terrorism. Paty’s death is not only a tragedy, but one the French ruling class is now exploiting to justify attacks on the rights of millions of working people. The only connection to the CCIF provided by Darmanin was that the father of Paty’s student had called for people to contact the CCIF to state their opposition to Paty. He said:

I hope the CCIF can legally be dissolved, because it receives government support, tax benefits, and denounces the Islamophobia of the government, and we have a number of elements that permit us to believe that it is an enemy of the Republic.

Eighty people have already been arrested, Darmanin said, for having posted comments online after the attack that implied “in one way or another that Mr Paty had deserved it.” He added that the government may seek to criminally charge anyone who had simply posted criticisms of Paty online before the attack as accomplices of a terrorist murder, saying:

I would like to say that I agree with this idea that there are sponsors, by hatred on social media.

Darmanin made clear that this was part of a broader effort to criminalize political opposition to the longstanding persecution of Muslims in France, saying:

Political Islam leads sometimes to terrorism, and one has to fight against political Islam with the same strength as against terrorism.

The interior minister has also now taken to declaring that the father of one of Paty’s students had placed a “fatwa” against him. From a purely factual standpoint, this is obviously false, since a fatwa is a nonbinding legal opinion on Islamic law made by a qualified individual, such as a scholar, not a public denunciation made by a person who happens to be Muslim. But Darmanin is not concerned with the facts of the case, but with anti-Muslim provocations. He has adopted the term directly from the vocabulary of the extreme right. Two days earlier, Jordan Bardella, the representative of National Rally, had denounced the “fatwa” that teachers who attempt to teach “freedom of expression” supposedly endure from Muslim parents of students. The Macron administration is directly pursuing the policies of the National Rally. In an extraordinary exchange, indicating the extent to which the French ruling class is promoting fascist forces, Europe 1 interviewer Sonia Mabrouk told Darmanin:

There is someone who has not yet come to power, that is Marine Le Pen, who says ‘stop’ to the politics of the vigil, ‘stop’ to this politics. Is she wrong?

Darmanin responded:

I respect Madame Le Pen, like all the men and women of politics, but I must comment that she cherishes the causes that will bring her to power, but she does not vote for any of the laws that we propose, none of the reinforcements of the anti-terrorist struggle. She rejected the phone-tapping laws that we have proposed to the European parliament. She is not in line with the laws of interior intelligence security.

Darmanin’s attacks on Le Pen from the right make clear the fraud of the Macron government’s claim that it is defending “democracy” and “freedom of speech” against Islam. Macron, who infamously hailed the fascist dictator Pétain in 2017 as a “great soldier,” is directly promoting the far right to divide the working class and build up the power of the police against the population. After two years of strikes and “yellow vest” protests that have been brutally attacked by police, the French ruling class is preparing to suppress an eruption of social anger over the intensifying social crisis and its criminal response to the coronavirus pandemic with a turn to dictatorship. These events are also a sharp exposure of the entire political establishment and its supposedly “left” flank, which has unanimously lined up behind Macron’s campaign. Jean-Luc Mélenchon, the leader of La France Insoumise, declared that he had now been convinced to support Macron’s upcoming anti-Islamic law, to be brought before Parliament on December 9. While Macron’s government openly adopts the policies of the National Rally, viciously attacks Muslims and erects a police state, Mélenchon declares that workers and youth should support the demand from Macron for “national unity.”

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