rick rozoff

Germany confirms Meteor missile ready for Eurofighters
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 2 2021

German air force declares Meteor missile ready for Eurofighter fleet
Defensenews.com, Aug 2 2021

The German air force recently completed flight tests for its newest air-to-air missile, the Meteor, and have deemed the weapon ready for use aboard the nation’s Eurofighter Typhoon fleet. It was developed under a joint program with NATO member nations Germany, France, Spain, Italy and the UK, as well as Sweden, which is a NATO Enhanced Opportunities Partner, but not a member of the alliance.

Somalia: US conducts third airstrike in two weeks
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 2 2021

US Military Targets Al-Shabab in Somalia With More Airstrikes
VoA, Aug 2 2021

The US military has confirmed that it carried out another airstrike against al-Shabab militants, its third in less than two weeks. The Somali government earlier reported the strike was in an area where federal and US-trained forces were fighting the militants.

Turkey in Afghanistan: larger role in NATO, leadership of world’s Sunni Muslims
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 2 2021

Why Turkey wants to be in charge of securing Kabul airport
Zahid Shahab Ahmed, Abdul Basit, Al Jazeera, Aug 2 2021

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan makes no secret of his desire to increase Turkey’s clout in the Muslim world. Under his rule, Turkey significantly increased its influence in Muslim South Asia through media and educational projects … Moreover, in recent years, Ankara made various foreign policy moves aimed at sidelining Saudi Arabia and positioning Turkey as the new leader of the Sunni Muslim world. It actively participated in regional conflicts, such as the Syrian war, against Saudi Arabia and its allies, and has been vocal in its criticism of Riyadh on various issues, from the Qatar blockade to the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi. Turkish efforts to maintain a continued presence in post-US Afghanistan by becoming the gatekeeper of the Kabul airport are in part an extension of these geopolitical ambitions. By insisting on assuming a major role in post-US Afghanistan, Erdogan wants not only to challenge Saudi Arabia’s leadership of the Sunni-Muslim world but also demonstrate Turkey’s soft power capabilities to the wider international community. … Maintaining an active role in Afghanistan after the US withdrawal would also help Turkey achieve its ambitions of increasing its importance within NATO and repairing its strained relationship with the US. By volunteering to provide security to the Kabul airport and thus ensuring that NATO maintains a presence in the country after the US’s exit, Turkey is hoping to ameliorate its relations with Washington.

High–end of warfare: US ship leaves Croatia to begin global war game
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 2 2021

USS Mount Whitney Departs Croatia for Large Scale Exercise 2021
US Navy, Aug 2 2021

The US Sixth Fleet flag ship, USS Mount Whitney (LCC 20) and US Sixth Fleet staff departed Split, Croatia, after a port visit Jul 30–Aug 2 2021, a day before the start of Large Scale Exercise (LSE) 2021. “Over the past ten years, US military assistance to Croatia reached approximately 4.5b Kuna (over $700m) in the form of training, equipment, infrastructure construction, and specialized military education. Since Croatia joined the NATO Alliance 12 years ago, US and Croatian military personnel have served together from Afghanistan to Iraq to Kosovo … Mount Whitney will kick off LSE 2021, a two-week live, scenario-driven, globally integrated exercise that will provide high-end training at sea and ashore against a challenging adversary force … The US military remains ready at the high–end of warfare expressly because of its global operational commitments … LSE 2021 will include approximately 36 live ships underway ranging from aircraft carriers to submarines … Participating units will span 17 time zones to include six naval and Marine Corps component commands, five US numbered Fleets and three Marine Expeditionary Forces.

Large Scale Exercise 2021

Large Scale Exercise (LSE) is a triennial exercise conducted by US Fleet Forces Command, US Pacific Fleet, and US Naval Forces Europe that is designed to refine how we synchronize maritime operations across multiple Fleets, in support of the joint force. The training is based on a progression of scenarios that will assess and refine modern warfare concepts … LSE 2021 is the first iteration of what will become a triennial exercise with plans for future iterations to include partners and allies from around the world.

German warship to join NATO allies in the South China Sea
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 2 2021

The German frigate will arrive in the South China Sea shortly after a visit by Britain’s Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier and its strike group, which includes an American guided-missile destroyer and a Dutch frigate, both recently in the Black Sea for anti-Russian war games there. Let’s see if we can connect the dots.

German warship sets sail for Indo-Pacific region
DW.com, Aug 2 2021

Germany sent a warship to the South China Sea for the first time in almost two decades on Monday, aligning itself with other Western nations by expanding its military presence in the region. The “Bayern” set sail for its six-month deployment from a naval base in Wilhelmshaven, northwestern Germany, with more than 200 soldiers on board. German Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer said: “The message is clear: we are standing up for our values and interests together with our partners and allies.”

Global NATO: US-trained Polish general to serve in Pentagon command structure
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 2 2021

V Corps welcomes Polish DCG-I and new DCG-M
US Army, Aug 2 2021

FORT KNOX, Kentucky – Fifth Corps will welcome Polish Maj-Gen Adam Joks and Brig-Gen Matthew Van Wagenen to the V Corps team … Joks, who is a graduate of the US Army War College and former commander of the NATO Joint Forces Training Center, will serve as the V Corps deputy commanding general for interoperability (DCG-I) where he will focus on improving the integration of personnel, systems and processes with European allies and partners. His appointment marks the first time a Polish general has served in the command structure of the US military.

Ankara-Islamabad-Baku axis “leading the Islamic world”
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 2 2021

Turkey-Pakistan-Azerbaijan format, an example for the Islamic world
Rufiz Hafizoglu (editor-in-chief), Trend.az, Aug 2 2021

If one looks at the current political situation in the Islamic world, it is possible to see that today the Islamic world is completely divided as a result of the lack of mutual support and solidarity. There are many disagreements among Muslim countries, which, in fact, hinder their economic and political development. This is mainly used by Western countries. Only a few of the Muslim countries realize that disagreements and lack of mutual understanding are not in their interests. Among such countries are Azerbaijan, Turkey, and, of course, Pakistan. If one looks at Turkey’s foreign policy, it is possible to see that Ankara supported the Muslim countries in all conflicts in the Muslim countries. This could be seen also during the first and second Karabakh wars. Turkey, as opposed to some Muslim countries, did not make double statements, did not help the occupying forces and rendered Azerbaijan political and moral support. Other Muslim countries had to do this as well. As for Pakistan, which is the nuclear power of the Islamic world, it also rendered political support to Azerbaijan. As is known, a trilateral meeting of the delegations of the parliaments of Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Pakistan was held in the Azerbaijani parliament on July 27, during which the Baku Declaration was signed. The declaration covered the issues of strengthening cooperation among the parliaments of Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Pakistan, further strengthening the political ties of the three countries and other issues. By signing the Baku Declaration, Baku, Ankara and Islamabad actually created a new trilateral format of cooperation, which is beneficial to the peoples of these countries. But this does not mean that this format is directed against any other side. Baku and Ankara have great experience in creating trilateral formats. Thus, the Turkey-Georgia-Azerbaijan, Turkey-Turkmenistan-Azerbaijan, and Turkey-Iran-Azerbaijan formats already exist. Of course, the Turkey-Pakistan-Azerbaijan cooperation format will become an impetus for the creation of new trilateral formats, which Arab countries will sooner or later join. The Turkey-Qatar-Azerbaijan or Turkey-Kuwait-Azerbaijan format of cooperation may be one of them. All these formats of cooperation are in one way or another connected with Turkey and Azerbaijan, which testifies to the fact that Baku and Ankara are pursuing the far-sighted foreign policy, thereby leading the Islamic world. But the Turkey-Pakistan-Azerbaijan format can be called an example for the Islamic world.

US airborne troops on Russia’s southern border: Our forces are ready, they’re interoperable and they have the mobility to respond when needed
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 1 2021

Air-landing exercise with the participation of Georgian and American servicemen was held within the framework of Agile Spirit 2021
Ministry of Defense, Georgia, Aug 2 2021

For the first time in the history of multinational exercises in Georgia, a demonstration exercise of a joint airborne component was held with the participation of the Georgian and American military. The exercise underscores the partnership between two countries, Georgia and the US. In the framework of Agile Spirit 2021, airborne exercises were held at Vaziani Military Airfield with the joint participation of the Georgian Defense Forces, the US Army in Europe and Africa, and the USAF in Europe. … Hundreds of Ranger Special Operations Battalion (Western) Rangers of the Georgian Defense Forces Special Operations Battalion, members of the US Army 1-91 Cavalry Regiment 1-5 in Europe and Africa, and two of the 173rd Airborne Infantry Brigade participated in the Joint Rapid Reaction Force Exercise. “Our forces are ready, they’re interoperable and they have the mobility to respond when needed.”

Foretaste of war in the Baltic
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 1 2021

40 ships. 60 aircraft. 18 nations. Hampton Roads amphibious group tests NATO’s ability to operate in close quarters
DailyPress.com (Hampton Roads, Va), Jul 27 2021

The leaders of a group of 15 Hampton Roads-based Navy ships are set to command even larger formations in line with the Navy’s latest thinking on how sailors and Marines should work together, and did so in an annual NATO exercise in the Baltic Sea. The exercise was part of this year’s multinational Baltic Operations (BALTOPS). That exercise involving Expeditionary Strike Group 2, known as ESG-2, was meant to test NATO’s ability to operate in the close quarters of those waters. The strike group’s commanding officer, Rear-Adm Robert Katz, directed 40 ships, 60 aircraft and 4k personnel from 18 nations.

A voice of decency, of sanity that needs to be heard
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 1 2021

Even a Short War Over Taiwan or the Baltics Would Be Devastating
Daniel R Mahanty, Foreignpolicy.com, Jul 29 2021

False promises are at the heart of making war. In Aug 1914, German and British soldiers were sent to the front on the false promise they would be home by Christmas, as were American soldiers shipped to Korea 36 years later. The Vietnam War and Iraq War were both started and sustained by false promises of purpose and outcome. In the 1960s, US Army Gen William Westmoreland spoke of a “crossover point” to victory in Vietnam, and during his presidency George W Bush promised “peace in the greater Middle East” by means of war in Iraq. The “global war on terror,” as Bush termed it, came with its own false promises, including the idea that so-called precision airstrikes could kill only terrorists, and not families attending a wedding party. As the US emerges from the shadow of the forever wars into a new era of superpower competition where war between the great powers is thinkable again, it seems to be preparing for the next war on the basis of a particularly dangerous false promise: that large numbers of civilians, including in major population centers in Asia and Europe, won’t be affected by it.

The modern augurs of war are war games, exercises, complex estimates, and even fictionalized yet realistic sneak previews of the future. A bounty of think tank reports, public accounts of war games, speculative analyses, entire magazine issues, and at least two popular novels, 2034 and Ghost Fleet, together provide a terrifying glimpse into the most likely and consequential flash points, actions, and reactions involving a conflict between the US and either China or Russia. Each follows a slightly different path that depends on the assumptions made by the authors or scenario designers. Despite difference in the details, most involve a rapid, if unintended, escalation from gray zone operations (such as cyber-attacks on critical infrastructure, disinformation campaigns, and other forms of hybrid conflict) to amphibious or overland invasions, airstrikes, and, in some cases, major missile attacks. The most common scenarios of a US war with China involve a confrontation over Taiwan or a dispute over territory in the East China Sea, such as the Senkaku Islands. A potential NATO confrontation with Russia usually involves conflict in one of the three Baltic states. The scenarios are similar in that few make any meaningful reference to the effects of war on civilians and civilian infrastructure, even as the scenarios expand first to regional and then global levels of destruction.

The fact that civilian losses go all but unmentioned is unsettling because it directly contradicts humanity’s experience in every war in modern history. But it is also surprising given that most of the imagined scenarios involve direct armed confrontations near or in large population centers. One recent analysis speculates that China may already be practicing for a massive bombing raid against Taiwanese air defense systems and military bases. It’s not hard to imagine that this would include Taiwan’s largest naval base, which is in Kaohsiung City (population 2.8m), and other facilities in or near heavily built-up areas. In other scenarios (examined here, here and here), China launches strikes against US and other allied facilities in Japan, on Guam, in the Philippines and/or in Australia. Guam, the Japanese prefecture of Okinawa and the two Japanese cities of Yokosuka and Sasebo, which host likely military targets in these scenarios, together are home to more than 2.2m people. Meanwhile, a number of contingencies centered around the Baltic states (discussed here, here and here) anticipate Russian attacks on NATO facilities, possibly near or within such cities as Tallinn, Estonia. While the military is unlikely to intentionally target civilians, it also doesn’t appear to be planning to do all that much to spare them from harm.

Nor are the US and its allies the only countries with civilians at risk. In a conflict with China, some analyses see Taiwan targeting airfields and ports on China’s coast with its arsenal of high-mobility artillery rocket systems or standoff land attack missiles. Possible targets are located in the densely populated provinces of Fujian, Zhejiang, and Guangdong. US strikes, meanwhile, could target Chinese bases further inland. All told, airstrikes by US and/or Taiwanese forces using missiles of various ranges, payloads and effects could conceivably fall within the vicinity of tens of millions of people in China. In Europe ,according to at least one war game, a NATO counter-attack could target Russian military installations near the city of Kaliningrad, Russia, where almost 0.5m people live. Yet for some reason, and contrary to all historical experience, the millions of people who could be directly or indirectly affected on either side of a great-power conflict don’t seem to play much of a role when tomorrow’s wars are modeled. One storyline sees “salvoes of missiles” launched at the runways of the USAF’s Kadena Air Base on Okinawa and severely damaging US air power, but it makes nary a mention of the fact that the base is situated within less than a mile of kindergartens, schools, and nurseries, all on a densely populated strip of the island. It’s not hard to imagine those “salvoes” (meaning 10 missiles? 100? 1,000?) containing one or more missiles that land astray of the intended target. What’s more, any direct civilian casualties would only be part of the devastation that would befall the civilian population in Asia or Europe in the case of war, including from energy, food, and water disruptions, not to mention the terrible economic fallout.

It’s possible that the lack of concern for civilians in scenarios of future conflict stems, at least in part, from an abiding public faith that the US military will follow the laws of war and act honorably, perhaps unlike some of its potential adversaries. But while it’s true that the military is unlikely to intentionally target civilians, it also doesn’t appear to be planning to do all that much to spare them from harm. Of late, some military officials have even publicly warned anyone looking for restraint and accountability with regards to civilians to look elsewhere. Writing in Just Security, US Marines Lt- Col John Cherry, British RAF Squadron Leader Kieran Tinkler and law professor Michael Schmitt caution that routine policies and procedures to minimize civilian harm, which became commonplace during the era of counter-insurgency operations, will simply be “unworkable” in a conflict among the major powers. Less diplomatically, but no less honestly, a former US Army judge advocate general, retired Lt-Gen Charles Pede, and Col Peter Hayden recently issued a stern warning to humanitarians and civilian policy-makers who have come to expect “highly constrained, policy-driven rules of engagement.” In the next war, there will be no hesitation; only, according to the authors, “winning swiftly through the efficient use of force.”

In reality, it’s unlikely the American public will apply much pressure for restraint, especially if the US or one of its allies is attacked first. In a recent survey conducted by my organization, the Center for Civilians in Conflict, and ReThink Media, 61% of just over 1k Americans polled favored airstrikes against Russia or China in response to an attack on US military assets, even if those airstrikes were to lead to 10k civilian deaths. This kind of finding is not terribly new: 67% of Americans surveyed after the Dec 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor supported bombing Japanese cities in response. It may alarm US allies in Asia that more respondents to my organization’s recent survey (37%) were willing to tolerate 10k civilian deaths due to fighting in an allied Asian country, such as Japan, than in the territory of a European ally, such as one of the Baltic states (27%). Combined with recent research on the correlation between racist attitudes and white Americans’ support for US military interventions in other countries, this survey result could serve as a warning that Americans might tolerate more devastating effects of war on Asians, even those living in an allied country, than on Europeans, just as they did during WW2, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. Today, military commanders and the civilian politicians who might send them to war may be accepting too readily the spurious claim that “sharp wars are brief.” Not only is a major conflict unlikely to be brief, but it also will almost certainly be devastating for millions of people. As the next era of superpower competition heats up, raising the real risk of the country’s political leaders marching headlong into the next tragic episode of human folly, we should make sure that war’s perpetual, inevitable, innocent victims, civilian populations, are not excluded from the policy debate.

Azerbaijan: Putin’s strategic partner displays trademark Iron Fist behavior
Rick Rozoff, AntiBellum, Aug 1 2021

Today’s Trend News Agency of Azerbaijan has no fewer than three articles in its English-language version on comments made by Russian member of parliament Vladimir Zhirinovsky. In none of them is it mentioned, or even hinted at, what he said. Zhirinovsky of course is what he is. But as he and President Vladimir Putin appear to have reached a modus vivendi over the past twenty years, Putin will have to swallow another indignity from his friends in Baku. What is significant in what follows, and what it represents, is the bullying, chauvinistic and threatening tone of the two Azerbaijanis, one a parliamentarian, the other a putative political expert. Their abrasive and adolescent phraseology is perfectly in keeping with a military aggressor that celebrates triumphs over outgunned adversaries. In fact it is pathetic bravado, braggadocio, rodomontade. As belligerent and bellicose as it is blustering and banal. The rhetoric is complementary to the customary brute emotings of the nation’s head of state, Victorious Supreme Commander-in-Chief Ilham Aliyev; he of such specimens of statesmanlike finesse as “We are the winning country. We have destroyed Armenia” and “We have created a new reality. We created it by shedding blood, showing courage, driving out the enemy. Today everyone should reckon with us and will reckon with us.” Even a predictably demagogic figure like Zhirinovsky, a member of the State Duma and the leader of a political party, is not permitted to shoot his mouth off on a Russian radio program without the Iron Fist regime in Baku comparing him to Adolf Hitler and summoning the Russian chargé d’affaires to order Azerbaijan’s “strategic partner” to tell its deputy to shut up. Baku is now instructing the servile Russian regime in what its citizens are permitted to say in public. Even as Moscow capitulates to such humiliating diplomatic degradation, troops of its strategic partner Azerbaijan are participating in the Pentagon-led Agile Spirit NATO war games in Georgia near Russia’s border.

Zhirinovsky’s speeches are ridiculous and far from political rhetoric – Azerbaijani MP
Trend.az. Aug 1 2021

State Duma deputy Vladimir Zhirinovsky is not considered a serious figure. Although he is the chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party, there is no trace of democracy in his ideas and speeches. His statements are funny and ridiculous, his speech is far from political rhetoric, and he only defames a large country like Russia. This was stated by Deputy of the Milli Majlis of Azerbaijan Azer Badamov, who noted that Zhirinovsky holds nationalist and fascist views.

“He can even be compared to fascist Hitler for his beliefs, because he hates Muslims, especially Turks. He has always insulted citizens of the Central Asian republics coming to Russia, calling them second-class people. Regarding the South Caucasus, he says: ‘This is the territory of our influence, which has been under our flag for 200 years.’ It’s nothing but life in the shadow of the former Russian Empire. Zhirinovsky is always hostile to independent Azerbaijan and protects Armenians. Zhirinovsky probably forgot that unlike Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia are independent countries. His stupid thoughts cause only laughter and ridicule in society. Zhirinovsky’s performances have no culture or sincerity. Apparently, he forgot that Azerbaijan liberated its lands from military occupation during the 44-day Patriotic War and ensured territorial integrity. He does not know that Russian peacekeepers temporarily deployed in Karabakh are on our territory with the consent of Azerbaijan and have a limited sphere of activity.”

Badamov noted that Zhirinovsky’s statements are his personal opinion.

“His pro-Armenian attitude to Azerbaijan has nothing to do with Russian-Azerbaijani relations. Relations between Azerbaijan and Russia are based on the friendship of our heads of state, have historical roots and are of the character of strategic cooperation. Our countries are interested in deepening, developing and strengthening bilateral relations, and in this regard, an intergovernmental commission is operating to expand cooperation between Russia and Azerbaijan. The Russian state, unlike Zhirinovsky, respects the independence of Azerbaijan and sees it as an equal and reliable partner. Today Azerbaijan is defining the region’s agenda. Russia supports Azerbaijan in achieving lasting peace and security in the region. Zhirinovsky’s last statement is stupid. Zhirinovsky! How can you compare Azerbaijan to Armenia? Azerbaijan has a strong alliance between people and power, and a new political configuration with opposition parties has been formed in the country. Don’t you see that in matters of independence and statehood, all citizens of the country, regardless of their nationality, religion and political beliefs, have united around the Iron Fist? You seem to be annoyed that we have ensured the territorial integrity of the country by destroying the Armenian army with an “iron fist,” which is a symbol of solidarity and unity. Not only in Russia, but also around the world, they know that you’re a joke politician. You look more like a comedian than a politician. Your stupid and crazy thoughts have no meaning for Azerbaijani society. You and other people like you who have become hostage to Armenians should remember that the Azerbaijani people defend their state independence, power and territorial integrity as the apple of the eye, and, if necessary, become an unwavering and invincible force.”

Politicians like Zhirinovsky do the most harm to Russia itself: expert
Elchin Mehdiyev, Trend.az, Aug 1 2021

Another stupidity from Vladimir Zhirinovsky indicates that his psychological violations, which began after the collapse of the USSR and the loss of his traditional “chiefs,” have entered an even more difficult stage. Apparently, the severity of these disorders this time is due to the fact that it will again be orphaned and unsuitable for use in the Russian political arena. In fact, politicians like him are the most harmful to Russia. This was stated by Trend political expert Elchin Mirzabeyli, who noted that such people were not used to being left without owners, and it is likely that the defeated Armenian criminal diaspora needed to reuse Zhirinovsky.

“Zhirinovsky has been poisoning the socio-political environment of Russia for many years. In fact, politicians like him are the most harmful to Russia. Because such aggressive, sick neo-imperialist approaches cause discontent among the peoples of countries that were once part of the same state as Russia and hinder the establishment and development of trusting international relations. In today’s world, the spheres of influence of states are determined by their economic power, commitment to proclaimed principles, fair behavior in international relations, rather than aggressive statements and ultranationalist calls from their politicians. From this point of view, the behavior of so-called politicians and political clowns like Zhirinovsky negatively, albeit partially, affects the development of trust relations and integration processes in the post-Soviet space. Zhirinovsky, being an inferior diplomat, is also an inferior politician. Although he studied Oriental languages, he does not know the East well, otherwise he would understand how dangerous it is to cross ethical boundaries and that this can lead to much more problems than he can imagine with his stupid mind.”

Mirzabeyli noted that Zhirinovsky once worked in Turkey as a young man.

“I think we need to find out what happened to him at the time. Because those with painful memories become aggressive towards other people, societies and even peoples associated with their past. There is a famous oriental proverb that is also used in Russia: the dog barks, and the caravan goes. Zhirinovsky has been doing everything possible for many years to spoil Russian-Azerbaijani relations, but at the last moment he only has to look after the caravan. A few years ago, this man cited Azerbaijan as an example for others in terms of attitude to the Russian language and Russian culture, praised the political leadership of Azerbaijan. Now, under the influence of Armenian lies, he has sided with the Armenians again and behaves unworthy. Everyone involved in politics knows who Zhirinovsky is. In Russia, he is called ‘Gyrik,’ and this is an abbreviated form of the word ‘fat, derivative of the word ‘fat.’ A bunch of useless fat that is surgically removed. Although its presence does not affect the body, it creates an unpleasant image and spoils the aesthetics. Zhirinovsky’s presence in Russian politics not only violates the aesthetics of Azerbaijani-Russian relations, but also negatively affects relations with all peoples and states with historical and cultural ties with our northern neighbor, as well as deals a serious blow to the system of domestic political relations of Russia and prevents it from developing. As for Azerbaijan, in our country there are healthy relations and dialogue between the authorities and the opposition based on mutual trust and national interests. Today, all political parties in Azerbaijan demonstrate solidarity over the basic principles of our statehood, and speak in a single voice in defense of our national interests. The great victory in the 44-day Patriotic War under the leadership of the President, Supreme Commander-in-Chief Ilham Aliyev is a symbol of inexhaustible strength and unity for every citizen of Azerbaijan, regardless of his political views. This strength and unity will lead Azerbaijan to new victories, and people like Zhirinovsky will only have to look after our Victory Caravan.”

Russia: Turkey works for world peace in Syria, Libya, Karabakh
Daily Sabah, Jul 30 2021

Turkey is working to preserve world peace in crisis areas including Libya, Syria and Nagorno-Karabakh, Dmitry Polyanskiy, first deputy permanent representative of Russia to the United Nations, said Thursday, adding that both countries are cooperating in these areas. Underlining the importance of Ankara for Moscow, Polyanskiy told reporters at the UN headquarters in New York, “Turkey is a neighboring country with which we have relations dating back centuries.” A Russian-brokered deal on Nov 10 halted a six-week conflict between Azerbaijani and Armenian forces over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh and its surrounding areas, securing territorial gains for Azerbaijan. Turkey agreed with Russia that its troops would also monitor the cease-fire. Ankara and Moscow signed an agreement to establish a joint observation center in Nagorno-Karabakh. On the other side, Turkey has frequently voiced that the two countries made significant contributions to the establishment of ceasefires in both Syria and Libya, while further steps need to be taken for Libya to reintegrate the country’s divided institutions.

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