Ukraine threatened with total blackout
Andrea Peters, WSWS, Dec 8 2022

All of Ukraine could be plunged into a total blackout in the coming weeks, experts say, as Russian air assaults targeting energy infrastructure continue. Already, 50% of the country’s power system has been damaged or destroyed. This number does not take into account the impact of missile strikes this past Monday which Moscow ordered in response to Ukrainian drone attacks inside Russian territory. Should the speed of the bombing intensify, the entire country “would be without electricity, water, and heating” for a period of about three to 10 days, said Olexander Kharchenko, director of the Energy Industry Research Centre, in a recent interview with Human Rights Watch. A representative from Ukraine’s Mercy Corps echoed his warning, telling Newsweek that Ukraine’s “entire national grid could collapse within weeks” if there is no let-up to the violence. Currently, large parts of Kiev, which has already been experiencing rolling blackouts for well over a month, as well as Zaporizhzhia, Odessa, Sumy, Zhytomyr and Kryvyi Rih, are reporting total outages due to Monday’s missile strikes.

In many cases, residents have also lost water, because plumbing and waste treatment systems cannot operate without electricity. The neighboring country of Moldova, whose energy infrastructure is connected to Ukraine’s, is likewise experiencing power losses. As of just mid-November, 10.7 million people, about half of the population that has remained in the country, have gone without one or more essential utility for at least some period of time, if not permanently. The danger of widespread and life-threatening hypothermia is growing, as temperatures plunge during the winter months. A total blackout that lasts even just a few days could result in the deaths of hundreds, if not thousands. As if the weather was a thing totally unpredictable to the most powerful governments and agencies on earth, the US, its allies and the UN are reportedly now “scrambling” in order “to get blankets, insulation, generators, medical supplies,” reports ABC News.

Ukraine’s health care system, which has been gutted by right-wing reforms implemented at the behest of the EU and foreign lenders, is buckling under the weight of the energy crisis. Surgeons are working with the aid of flashlights, headlamps and cellphone illumination. Workers are struggling to keep x-ray, breathing, ultrasound and dialysis machines functioning. Vaccines are spoiling in refrigerators that are no longer cool. This week the health ministry recently declared a halt to all surgeries deemed “non-essential,” in order to alleviate the burden on medical facilities with limited, temporary power-generating capacity. One of the country’s largest hospitals was recently on the verge of having to evacuate patients recently because its water supply failed. Even though medical workers are laboring under desperate conditions, some report not being paid for months.

Despite the war, the Ukrainian government has refused to fully suspend changes to health care spending that were implemented in 2018 as part of a series of EU, IMF and World Bank deals. According to the new policies, hospitals are paid in proportion to the number of patients they treat, regardless of the expenses associated with keeping their doors open. The impact of this prior to the war was the widespread closure of medical facilities, particularly those outside of major population centers, where there are, in essence, fewer “customers.” In July, Kiev officials declared that state financing for any hospital not in the “conflict zone” would still be based on per-patient remuneration, thereby providing these facilities no relief. Currently, financially strapped institutions are treating patients but unable to pay their nurses and doctors. At the Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Infectious Diseases Clinical Hospital in western Ukraine, 80 staff staged a protest in early November because, apart from a one-time $5 payment, they had not received their salaries since August. They told the press that the conditions they face now are no better than they were during the height of the COVID-19 crisis. Another 36 employees from the clinic have no wages and will never be receiving any, as they were laid off over the course of year due to “budget optimization.”

Despite much public handwringing over the terrible conditions facing ordinary Ukrainians, Western governments’ response can be described at best as pathetic. The US announced last week that it is sending Ukraine just $53m in additional energy-related aid, bringing its total spending on the support of life-sustaining power infrastructure and supplies to about $106m. In contrast, Washington has allocated nearly $24.2b in one or another form of military aid to Ukraine, including $19.5b in weaponry and equipment, according to the Kiel Institute’s Ukraine Support Tracker. With humanitarian aid from Washington standing at about $10.4b, the US has spent about 2.3 times more on facilitating the killing of Ukrainians than it has on saving them. The EU is only slightly better, with a death-to-life spending ratio of about 2:1. In terms of its support for Ukrainian refugees, as a percentage of its GDP, the US has spent so little that you cannot even see it on the graph of per country refugee support published by the UST.

While the US and the EU have committed respectively about $15.9b and $31.8b in financial aid, most of that has yet to be disbursed. Large amounts are coming in the form of loans not grants, and many have various strings attached that require Ukraine to implement one or another pro-market “reform,” ie privatization, spending cuts or other measures that will make the rich of the world even richer. In addition, a portion of the money foreign states and institutions are providing the country is simply being used to pay off debt it owes to these very lenders. A Dec 5 comment published by the Carnegie Endowment noted that the IMF has refused to defer Ukraine’s debt repayments, such that Kiev was “on track to pay back more than it was receiving from the IMF in 2022.” With a small change made in October as part of the IMF’s emergency financing program known as the Food Shock Window, the situation shifted slightly. By the end of 2022, Ukraine will have received $2.7b in aid from the IMF and paid it $2.4b, accumulating in the process another $300m in debt. In comparison to the IMF, other creditors did Ukraine a kindness and granted the country in August, five months after the war began and its treasury was bled white, a two-year freeze on its Eurobond payments.

Europe’s welcome mat for Ukraine’s 7.9m refugees is now also being rolled up. The UK’s Homes for Ukraine program is in total crisis, and 14k Ukrainians are facing homelessness by Christmas because the government has refused to provide either public housing or adequate aid to British host families. Already, nearly 3k refugees, overwhelmingly women and children, are without shelter. Local officials across Germany are telling the federal government that they no longer have either the facilities or the financial resource to sustain, much less take more, refugees. In Berlin, a tent city near the airport was erected for 3k6 refugees, with little prospect of any sort of permanent housing being provided. Belgian officials are turning away Ukrainian refugees seeking help with housing. Poland is now charging those staying in government-sponsored facilities for more than four months a daily housing rate.

Estonia, uniquely distinguished for its anti-Russian, war-crazed government, declared Tuesday it will not accept any more Ukrainian refugees. Latvia is imposing a language requirement on those arriving in the country, which as one immigrant advocate pointed out, will simply be used as a means to discriminate against Ukrainians who, despite their desire, cannot learn Latvian because language courses are nowhere to be found. Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians are expected to seek entry into Europe during the winter. In addition to telling those currently outside the country not to return, authorities in Ukraine are encouraging those still in the country to leave due to the energy crisis. Maxim Timchenko, the chief executive of Ukraine’s largest power supplier, said in November:

If they can find an alternative place to stay for another three or four months, it will be very helpful to the system.

AUSMIN talks expand Australia’s role in US war preparations against China
Oscar Grenfell, WSWS, Dec 8 2022

Richard Marles, Penny Wong, Antony Blinken and Lloyd Austin at AUSMIN 2022

Talks between top Australian and US defence and foreign policy leaders concluded in Washington yesterday with the issuing of a joint statement outlining a further militarisation of the Indo-Pacific in preparation for war against China. The Australia-United States Ministerial Consultations (AUSMIN) were attended by Australian Foreign Minister Penny Wong and Defence Minister Richard Marles. They spoke with US Sec State Antony Blinken and Sec Def Lloyd Austin. These were the first AUSMIN talks since a Labor government was elected in Australia in May. This morning, the first round of meetings were held of the AUKUS military pact, involving the US, Australia and Britain. Austin proclaimed the stepped-up alliance, unveiled last September, as an “historic endeavour.” He pledged that the US would ensure that Australia acquired nuclear-powered submarines, “at the earliest possible date.” Under AUKUS, hypersonic missiles are also to be based in Australia. The meeting was the capstone of a trip to Washington focussed entirely on an aggressive military build-up. For more than a decade, the AUSMIN talks have been a focal point of US and Australian plotting against China. In talks over the past four years, the issue of expanded US basing arrangements was central. The US already has a “rotation” of 2,500 marines in the northern Australian city of Darwin, first agreed under the last federal Labor government as it signed up to Washington’s “pivot to Asia” in 2011. US naval vessels and aircraft routinely “stop over” at Australian bases, especially in the north and north-west of the country.

Joint war games have intensified. Reports of “near misses” between Australian and Chinese naval and airforce assets in the South and East China Seas over recent months have revealed continuous military activities in the region, which are shrouded in secrecy. The latest AUSMIN talks mark an intensification of these processes. The statement is deliberately vague with few details provided. The meaning, however, is clear. Large swathes of Australia are to be transformed into a staging base for the US-led preparations for a disastrous war with China. The statement declares that the two countries “decided to formalize the Enhanced Force Posture Cooperation announced in 2021.” The “existing initiatives that were announced in 2011,” such as the de facto marine base, are to be augmented by “Enhanced Land Cooperation, Enhanced Maritime Cooperation, and the Combined Logistics, Sustainment, and Maintenance Enterprise.” The leaders agreed to “continue the rotational presence of US capabilities in Australia, across air, land, and maritime domains. This would include US Bomber Task Force rotations, fighters, and future rotations of US Navy and US Army capabilities.” They resolved to “identify priority locations in Australia to support enhanced US force posture with associated infrastructure, including runway improvements, parking aprons, fuel infrastructure, explosive ordnance storage infrastructure, and facilities to support the workforce.”

The document states that new sites will be developed in Australia for “rotations” of the US airforce, army and marine corps. The term “rotation” is double speak. It is used simply to avoid the more accurate descriptors, “basing” and “bases,” for fear that they will inflame the widespread anti-war sentiment that exists among workers and young people in Australia. The fraudulent character of the terminology is underscored by the fact that US marines have been “rotating” through Darwin in increasing numbers for more than a decade. The document does not spell out the details of the basing arrangements, but their likely character is indicated by previous revelations. Last month, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation’s “Four Corners” program reported, for the first time, on advanced plans to station US B-52 bombers at the Tyndall Air Force Base in the Northern Territory. Preparations are already underway to expand runways and hangers to accommodate the aircraft. Massive fuel storage capabilities are being developed in the area. The bombers are able to carry nuclear payloads. Given it is the US policy never to reveal which of its nuclear-capable assets are carrying such weapons at any given time, the decision to station the B-52 bombers at Tyndall effectively overturns Australia’s status as free of nuclear weapons. This momentous and potentially disastrous turn was taken without an announcement, much less any democratic mandate.

The references in the statement to US naval forces “rotating” through Australia points to the likely deployment of America’s nuclear submarines. The details of Australia’s acquisition of nuclear-powered submarines have yet to be announced. If Australia is to manufacture the subs domestically, they will not be available for use until the 2040s, while the existing diesel-powered Collins Class submarines are in a deepening crisis. Austin’s pledge also hints at a greater presence of US nuclear-powered submarines in Australia. It followed reports in the Murdoch-owned Australian newspaper last week favourably citing calls, including by the former US naval secretary, for Australian sailors to be integrated into the US nuclear submarine fleet, a portion of which would essentially be based in Australia. Other media reports made clear that behind the scenes Marles and Wong would be discussing Australia’s own prospective fleet of submarines while in Washington. The possibilities include the acquisition of US or British submarines off the shelf, which would be ready far sooner than a domestically-manufactured fleet. A government-commissioned review on the options is to be handed down in March. So too is a separate inquiry, called by Labor, into upgrading Australia’s military capabilities. Media coverage of the interim report, which was finalised this month but not publicly released, indicated it would include calls for missile systems to be placed in northern Australia and around key base assets, such as the US-operated Pine Gap spying and military coordination facility. Australia is also likely to acquire a fourth squadron of Joint Strike Fighter F-35s, which would take its number of advanced fighter jets to more than a hundred.

With the frenzied military acquisitions, the Australian Labor government and the Biden administration in the US are enacting longstanding plans for war. Under the Pentagon’s AirSea Battle strategy, first set out in 2010, Australia is to play the role of a crucial “southern anchor.” It would impose naval blockades on key shipping lanes that China relies upon for most of its raw materials and would serve as a staging base for attacks on Chinese forces throughout the region. An aspect of the discussion in US ruling circles is the need to diversify the presence of key US strike capabilities. The fear is that assets stationed in US bases in Guam, Japan and South Korea would be too vulnerable to Chinese strikes. One of the solutions is to “rotate” some of the key US strike capabilities in northern Australia. Another crucial aspect of Australia’s position in the war plans is as political attack dog for Washington. This task has been taken up with relish by the Labor government, which has conducted a six-month diplomatic offensive, aimed at lining up states throughout the region behind the US-led confrontation with China. The statement highlights the need to deepen relations in the Pacific, where Washington and Canberra have responded hysterically to an expansion of Chinese influence. South East Asia is also singled out. Its governments have responded nervously to AUKUS, with some warning that it will set off a regional arms race. They have also been reluctant to back the US proxy war against Russia in Ukraine, for fear of its economic consequences. In addition, the statement outlines a deepening of relations among Washington’s key allies. Japan will be “invited to increase its participation in Force Posture Initiatives in Australia.” Marles and Wong are headed straight from Washington to Tokyo. Japan, along with India, is a member of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or Quad alongside Australia and the US. The body is a de facto alliance of the region’s largest military powers, directed against China.

Over the years, the purpose of the military build-up has been spelt out more and more openly. In his remarks, Austin provocatively condemned “China’s dangerous and coercive actions throughout the Indo-Pacific.” In the same vein, the statement hails the “rules-based order” in the region. It condemns purported attacks on democratic rights by China in its province of Xingjian and in Hong Kong, and hails Taiwan. Each of these trumped-up charges, repeated endlessly, is being used by the US and its allies to inflame relations with Beijing and create a casus belli for war with China. The US war drive against China is an attempt to stave off its economic decline through the use of its military might. Australia, for its part, is seeking to shore up its dominance in the Pacific, which it has oppressed for more than a century. These military preparations are being accelerated under conditions of a massive crisis of the global capitalist system and attempts by the governments to divert growing social tensions outwards. There is widespread hostility to war among workers and young people in the US, Australia and internationally, alongside a major intensification of the class struggle. But to go forward, it requires political perspective and organisation. That is the purpose of the global anti-war webinar called by the International Youth and Students for Social Equality this weekend. Register here.


  1. RZ
    Posted December 8, 2022 at 7:45 am | Permalink

    Quite astonishing. Winter comes around every year, who would have thought that? This can only show the complete callous incompetence of Ukraine’s Western backers. They knew from the moment Russia’s economy did not collapse at the start of the war that this would go the distance. Destroy the Russian economy with sanctions and finish it of with a war of attrition. Funny it didn’t quite work out that way. Not so funny if you are one of the millions caught up in this atrocity.

  2. niqnaq
    Posted December 8, 2022 at 7:48 am | Permalink


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