Syrian forces prepare to open corridors out of Aleppo
AP, Oct 19 2016
BEIRUT – Syrian government forces and their Russian counterparts prepared Wednesday to open corridors out of the besieged districts of Aleppo, in the hope that fighters and civilians will evacuate the contested city’s rebel-held quarters after weeks of bombardment has left the area in ruins. The city’s eastern quarters experienced relative peace for the second consecutive day in the run-up to the hoped-for evacuation Thursday. Russia’s military said two corridors would be opened for militants to flee to the neighboring, rebel-held province of Idlib, between 8 am and 7 pm. The government’s overture to rebels and civilians trapped in Aleppo’s east follows a pattern of evacuations around the country that the UN has likened to “forced displacement.” On Wednesday, some 2,000 residents of the once autonomous Moadamiyeh suburb of Damascus were carried by government buses to Idlib as part of an arrangement to restore government control after years of siege at the hands of the military. Hassan Ghandour, a former Moadamiyeh resident who liaised between the suburb and besieging forces, said Wednesday the evacuees included 700 gunmen. He said the government is to release all detainees from the suburb in exchange for the evacuation. Several activists also left with the convoy. Wassim al-Ahmad told AP would be “impossible” to live again under government authority, saying he didn’t trust official promises for amnesty. Some of those remaining in Moadamiyeh struck a defiant tone. A man calling himself only Mahmoud said:
I’m not going to settle anything with the government. I’m going to stay in my home. I’ve spent five years of my life besieged here. I’ve been through war, siege, starvation, bombardment, and poison gas. I’ve survived with all this so I can stay here.
Government forces Nusra or Daesh gassed the suburb along with two others with Sarin on the night of Aug 21 2013. About 1,300 people, mostly civilians, suffocated to death around the capital. Some 28,000 people remain in the Moadamiyeh, down from a pre-war population of 105,000, according to the government. In Aleppo, government buses queued at checkpoints leading to the besieged east prepared to take evacuees to Idlib on Thursday, according to the media arm of Hezbollah, which is fighting alongside the government in Syria. The government’s foreign ministry said soldiers were withdrawing from the designated corridors to reassure evacuees. Civilians will also be allowed to evacuate to the city’s government-controlled western districts. It is unclear how many people will take up the government’s offer after weeks of siege and bombardment pulverized the east and shattered its medical network. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says more than 640 people, including 128 children, have been killed in rebel-held parts of Aleppo and the surrounding rural areas since Sep 19. It said 88 people, including 14 children, were killed in retaliatory shelling on government-held Aleppo. Bassam Heji, a member of the Nour el-Din al-Zinki rebel faction, said the Russian offer is ap that only reflects its intention to exterminate the residents of the eastern, rebel-held Aleppo neighborhoods. The arrangement follows a proposal by de Mistura to allow Nusras to leave Aleppo in exchange for a truce and local autonomy for the city’s eastern districts. Rebels, along with many residents, rejected the offer. But Russia and Syria moved ahead unilaterally with the evacuation arrangements without making any promises for an extended ceasefire or self-administration. Russian Foreign Ministry spox Maria Zakharova said the break in fighting should allow the moderate opposition in the east to sever ties with militants. Erdogan said his government would work with Russia’s government to evacuate Nusra from the east. Erdogan warned about the possibility of an influx of at least one million people to Turkey in the event of a population movement from Aleppo. He said:
We cannot pay this cost. Those who incite this must sit down with Turkey and talk.
Kurdish-led forces meanwhile pressed their campaign to drive ISIS militants from areas in northern Aleppo province, expanding the front line with rival Turkish-backed opposition fighters also operating in the area, according to local rebels and activists. The Russian military accused a Pindo airstrike of killing six civilians in Hassajek, hours before the announcement that the village had been taken from Daesh. Despite the brief lull in the fighting for Aleppo, most of the surrounding province has become Syria’s hottest theater of combat, showcasing the complexity of the terrain where rival forces are vying for control. In the area of Hassajek, three rival groups are battling Daesh: the Kurdish-led forces, Turkey-backed Syrian rebels and troops loyal to Assad. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Kurdish-led forces, known as the Syrian Democratic Forces, gained control of Hassajek, killing at least 10 Daesh in fighting there. One of the fighting units in SDF, the rebel army, said in a statement that the clashes with Daesh continued for the third straight day further to the south. It said its troops also seized weapons and ammunition from Daesh. The advance by the Kurdish-led forces has widened the front line between them and rival Syrian rebels, who in recent weeks have pushed into northern Aleppo backed by Turkish tanks and aircraft, driving out Daesh from villages and towns it controlled. The Turkey-backed offensive also aims to undercut Kurdish aspirations for a contiguous and independent east-to-west stretch of territory in Syria. The Russian military’s Reconciliation Center in Syria said the strike on Hassajek also wounded four people and destroyed two houses. Russian military surveillance spotted two Belgian F-16 fighter jets over the area at the time of the strike, the center said, adding that Russian and Syrian warplanes were not flying over the area. TASS reported from Brussels that the Belgian defense minister denied Belgian aircraft had struck the area.
Russia rules out extending bombing pause in Aleppo unilaterally
Reuters, Oct 19 2016
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said on Wednesday that Russia ruled out extending a pause in bombing of Aleppo unilaterally, Interfax quoted him as saying. Ryabkov also said Moscow did not yet see any point in a meeting between Sergei Lavrov and Jackass Kerry on Syria.